Analysis A*nal"y*sis, n.; pl. {Analyses}. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to unloose, to dissolve, to resolve into its elements; ? up + ? to loose. See {Loose}.] 1. A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its constituent or original elements; an examination of the component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to {synthesis}. [1913 Webster]

2. (Chem.) The separation of a compound substance, by chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how much of each element is present. The former is called {qualitative}, and the latter {quantitative analysis}. [1913 Webster]

3. (Logic) The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles. [1913 Webster]

4. (Math.) The resolving of problems by reducing the conditions that are in them to equations. [1913 Webster]

5. (a) A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a discourse, disposed in their natural order. (b) A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis. [1913 Webster]

6. (Nat. Hist.) The process of ascertaining the name of a species, or its place in a system of classification, by means of an analytical table or key. [1913 Webster]

{Ultimate}, {Proximate}, {Qualitative}, {Quantitative}, and {Volumetric analysis}. (Chem.) See under {Ultimate}, {Proximate}, {Qualitative}, etc. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Proximate — Prox i*mate, a. [L. proximatus, p. p. of proximare to come near, to approach, fr. proximus the nearest, nest, superl. of propior nearer, and prope, adv., near.] Nearest; next immediately preceding or following. Proximate ancestors. J. S. Harford …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • proximate — prox·i·mate / präk sə mət/ adj 1: next immediately preceding or following (as in a chain of causation, events, or effects): being or leading to a particular esp. foreseeable result without intervention see also proximate cause at cause 1 2 …   Law dictionary

  • proximate to — index situated Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • proximate — neighboring, 1590s (implied in proximately), from L.L. proximatus, pp. of proximare to draw near, from proximus (see PROXIMITY (Cf. proximity)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • proximate — ► ADJECTIVE 1) closest in space, time, or relationship. 2) nearly accurate; approximate. DERIVATIVES proximately adverb. ORIGIN Latin proximatus drawn near , from proximus nearest …   English terms dictionary

  • proximate — [präk′sə mət] adj. [LL proximatus, pp. of proximare, to come near < L proximus, nearest, superl. of prope, near] 1. next or nearest in space, order, time, etc. 2. nearly accurate; approximate proximately adv …   English World dictionary

  • proximate — Immediate; next; proximal. * * * prox·i·mate präk sə mət adj 1 a) very near b) next, preceding, or following esp relating to or being a proximate cause 2) determined by proximate analysis 3) PROXIMAL (1b) prox·i·mate·ly ad …   Medical dictionary

  • proximate — adj. (cannot stand alone) proximate to * * * [ prɒksɪmɪt] (cannot stand alone) proximate to …   Combinatory dictionary

  • proximate — adjective Etymology: Latin proximatus, past participle of proximare to approach, from proximus nearest, next, superlative of prope near more at approach Date: 1661 1. immediately preceding or following (as in a chain of events, causes, or… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • proximate — 1. adjective a) Close or closest; adjacent. b) Immediately preceding or following in a chain of causation. See Also: proximate cause 2. noun A grammatical marker in the …   Wiktionary

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