Shorten Short"en, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shortened ?}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shortening}.] [See {Short}, a.] 1. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity. [1913 Webster]

2. To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract; as, to shorten work, an allowance of food, etc. [1913 Webster]

Here, where the subject is so fruitful, I am shortened by my chain. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

3. To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with of. [1913 Webster]

Spoiled of his nose, and shortened of his ears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

4. To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard, pot liquor, or the like. [1913 Webster]

{To shorten a rope} (Naut.), to take in the slack of it.

{To shorten sail} (Naut.), to reduce sail by taking it in. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Shortening — is a semisolid fat used in food preparation, especially baked goods, and is so called because it promotes a short or crumbly texture (as in shortbread). The term shortening can be used more broadly to apply to any fat that is used for baking and… …   Wikipedia

  • shortening — s.n. Specie de grăsimi animale sau vegetale de consistenţa unturii folosite în industria alimentară. [pr.: şórtning] – cuv. engl. Trimis de LauraGellner, 22.07.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  SHORTENING [ŞORTNING] s. n. specie de grăsimi animale sau… …   Dicționar Român

  • shortening — ● shortening nom masculin (anglais shortening, matière grasse) Corps gras utilisé dans la fabrication des biscuits pour les rendre croustillants …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Shortening — Short en*ing, n. 1. The act of making or becoming short or shorter. [1913 Webster] 2. (Cookery) That which renders pastry short or friable, as butter, lard, etc. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shortening — index curtailment, decrease, decrement, deduction (diminution) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • shortening — butter or other fat used in baking, 1796, from shorten make crumbly (1733), from SHORT (Cf. short) in the secondary sense of easily crumbled (early 15c.), which perhaps arose via the notion of having short fibers. This is also the sense behind… …   Etymology dictionary

  • shortening — ► NOUN ▪ fat used for making pastry …   English terms dictionary

  • shortening — [shôrt′ n iŋ, shôrt′niŋ] n. 1. the act of making or becoming short or shorter 2. edible fat, esp. as used to make pastry, etc. crisp or flaky …   English World dictionary

  • shortening — /shawrt ning, shawr tn ing/, n. 1. butter, lard, or other fat, used to make pastry, bread, etc., short. 2. Phonet. the act, process, or an instance of making or becoming short. 3. Ling. a. the act or process of dropping one or more syllables from …   Universalium

  • Shortening — Shortenings sind Suspensionen von kristallinen Fetten in Öl oder halbflüssigen Fetten. Der deutsche Handelsname ist ungehärtetes Pflanzenfett . Die festen Fette kommen dabei häufig in der stabilen β Modifikation vor und sind nur zu ca. 1% gelöst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • shortening — n. (esp. AE) vegetable shortening * * * [ ʃɔːtnɪŋ] (esp. AE) vegetable shortening …   Combinatory dictionary

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