Sodium chloride

Sodium chloride
Sodium So"di*um, n. [NL., fr.E. soda.] (Chem.) A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc. It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so highly reactive that it combines violently with water, and to be preserved must be kept under petroleum or some similar liquid. Sodium is used combined in many salts, in the free state as a reducer, and as a means of obtaining other metals (as magnesium and aluminium) is an important commercial product. Symbol Na ({Natrium}). Atomic weight 22.990. Specific gravity 0.97. [1913 Webster]

{Sodium amalgam}, an alloy of sodium and mercury, usually produced as a gray metallic crystalline substance, which is used as a reducing agent, and otherwise.

{Sodium carbonate}, a white crystalline substance, {Na2CO3.10H2O}, having a cooling alkaline taste, found in the ashes of many plants, and produced artifically in large quantities from common salt. It is used in making soap, glass, paper, etc., and as alkaline agent in many chemical industries. Called also {sal soda}, {washing soda}, or {soda}. Cf. {Sodium bicarbonate}, and {Trona}.

{Sodium chloride}, common, or table, salt, {NaCl}.

{Sodium hydroxide}, a white opaque brittle solid, {NaOH}, having a fibrous structure, produced by the action of quicklime, or of calcium hydrate (milk of lime), on sodium carbonate. It is a strong alkali, and is used in the manufacture of soap, in making wood pulp for paper, etc. Called also {sodium hydrate}, and {caustic soda}. By extension, a solution of sodium hydroxide. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • sodium chloride — n an ionic crystalline chemical compound consisting of equal numbers of sodium and chlorine atoms: SALT (1a) * * * common salt: a salt of sodium that is present in all tissues and is important in maintaining the electrolyte balance of the body.… …   Medical dictionary

  • sodium chloride — n [U] technical the type of salt that is used in cooking …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • sodium chloride — noun uncount TECHNICAL salt …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • sodium chloride — ► NOUN ▪ the chemical name for common salt …   English terms dictionary

  • sodium chloride — n. common salt, NaCl …   English World dictionary

  • Sodium chloride — NaCl redirects here. For the Google technology, see Google Native Client. This article is about the chemical compound. For sodium chloride in the diet, see Salt. For sodium chloride as a mineral, see Halite. Sodium chloride …   Wikipedia

  • sodium chloride — noun a white crystalline solid consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl) • Syn: ↑common salt • Hypernyms: ↑binary compound • Hyponyms: ↑halite, ↑rock salt …   Useful english dictionary

  • sodium chloride — common salt: a salt of sodium that is present in all tissues and is important in maintaining the electrolyte balance of the body. Sodium chloride infusions are the basis of fluid replacement therapy after operations and for conditions associated… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Sodium chloride — Хлорид натрия Общие Систематическое наименование хлорид натрия / Sodium chloride Химическая формула NaCl Молярная масса 58.44277 г/м …   Википедия

  • sodium chloride — noun Sodium chloride is used before these nouns: ↑solution …   Collocations dictionary

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