Viscount St Albans

Viscount St Albans
Bacon Bacon, Francis Bacon Francis Baconprop. n. Francis Bacon. A celebrated English philosopher, jurist, and statesman, son of Sir Nicholas Bacon. Born at York House, London, Jan. 22, 1561: died at Highgate, April 9, 1626, created {Baron Verulam} July 12, 1618, and {Viscount St. Albans} Jan. 27, 1621: commonly, but incorrectly, called {Lord Bacon}. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, April, 1573, to March, 1575, and at Gray's Inn 1575; became attached to the embassy of Sir Amias Paulet in France in 1576; was admitted to the bar in 1582; entered Parliament in 1584; was knighted in 1603; became solicitor-general in 1607, and attorney-general in 1613; was made a privy councilor in 1616, lord keeper in 1617, and lord chancellor in 1618; and was tried in 1621 for bribery, condemned, fined, and removed from office. A notable incident of his career was his connection with the Earl of Essex, which began in July, 1591, remained an intimate friendship until the fall of Essex (1600-01), and ended in Bacon's active efforts to secure the conviction of the earl for treason. (See Essex.) His great fame rests upon his services as a reformer of the methods of scientific investigation; and though his relation to the progress of knowledge has been exaggerated and misunderstood, his reputation as one of the chief founders of modern inductive science is well grounded. His chief works are the "Advancement of Learning," published in English as "The Two Books of Francis Bacon of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning Divine and Human," in 1605; the "Novum organum sive indicia vera de interpretatione naturae," published in Latin, 1620, as a "second part" of the (incomplete) "Instauratio magna"; the "De dignitate et augmentis scientiarum," published in Latin in 1623; "Historia Ventorum" (1622), "Historia Vitae et Mortis" (1623), "Historia Densi et Rari" (posthumously, 1658), "Sylva Sylvarum" (posthumously, 1627), "New Atlantis," "Essays" (1597, 1612, 1625), "De Sapientia Veterum" (1609), "Apothegms New and Old," "History of Henry VII." (1622). Works edited by Ellis, Spedding, and Heath (7 vols. 1857); Life by Spedding (7 vols. 1861, 2 vols. 1878). See Shakspere. --Century Dict. 1906. [PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Viscount St. Albans — noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561 1626) • Syn: ↑Bacon, ↑Francis Bacon, ↑Sir Francis Bacon, ↑Baron Verulam, ↑1st Baron Verulam • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • viscount — /vuy kownt /, n. 1. a nobleman next below an earl or count and next above a baron. 2. Hist. a deputy of a count or earl. 3. (in England) a sheriff. [1350 1400; ME viscounte < AF; OF visconte (F vicomte), equiv. to vis VICE3 + counte COUNT2, trans …   Universalium

  • Viscount Galway — is a title that has been created once in the Peerage of England and thrice in the Peerage of Ireland. The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1628 in favour of Richard Bourke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde. He was made Earl of St Albans at …   Wikipedia

  • Viscount D'Abernon — Viscount D Abernon, of Esher and of Stoke D Abernon in the County of Surrey, was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 20 February 1926 for the politician, diplomat and writer Edgar Vincent, 1st Baron D Abernon. He had… …   Wikipedia

  • Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Albans — born Jan. 22, 1561, London, Eng. died April 9, 1626, London British statesman and philosopher, father of modern scientific method. He studied at Cambridge and at Gray s Inn. A supporter of the Earl of Essex, Bacon turned against him when Essex… …   Universalium

  • Bacon, Sir Francis, Viscount St. Albans — (1561 1626)    Bacon is more remembered for his position as Lord Chancellor of England (1618 21) and for his non fiction than for his poetry. His public life came to an end in 1621 when he was charged with taking bribes as judge and spent a few… …   British and Irish poets

  • St Albans — infobox UK place country = England latitude= 51.755 longitude= 0.336 official name= St Albans population= 64,038 [ [http://www.hertsdirect.org/infobase/docs/pdfstore/tabKS01sett.pdf Office for National Statistics, 2001 Census, Key Statistics for… …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Albans — ▪ England, United Kingdom       town and city (district), administrative and historic county of Hertfordshire, England, in the valley of the River Ver about 20 miles (32 km) northwest of London.       A British town was established on the west… …   Universalium

  • Bacon, Francis, Viscount Saint Alban (or Albans), Baron of Verulam — ▪ British author, philosopher, and statesman Introduction also called (1603–18)  Sir Francis Bacon  born Jan. 22, 1561, York House, London, Eng. died April 9, 1626, London  lord chancellor of England (1618–21). A lawyer, statesman, philosopher,… …   Universalium

  • Earl of St Albans — The Earldom of St Albans was created twice in the 17th century, first to Richard Bourke, Earl of Clanricarde then to Henry Jermyn, Baron Jermyn. It became extinct after the latter s death.Earls of St Albans, First Creation (1628)*Richard Burke,… …   Wikipedia

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