bovine serum albumin

bovine serum albumin
Protein Pro"te*in, n. [Gr. prw^tos first: cf. prwtei^on the first place.] (Physiol. Chem.) any polymer of an amino acid joined by peptide (amide) bonds. Most natural proteins have alpha-amino acids as the monomeric constituents. All classical enzymes are composed of protein, and control most of the biochemical transformations carrie dout in living cells. They may be soluble, as casein, albumins, and other globular proteins, or insoluble (e. g. "structural proteins"), as collagen or keratin. "albumin", an older term for protein, is now used primarily to refer to certain specific soluble globular proteins found in eggs or blood serum, e.g. {bovine serum albumin}, the main soluble protein in teh serum of cattle, used as an enzymatically inert protein in biochemical research.

Note: In the 1913 dictionary, protein was defined as: ``A body now known as alkali albumin, but originally considered to be the basis of all albuminous substances, whence its name.'' [1913 Webster + PJC]

{Protein crystal}. (Bot.) See {Crystalloid}, n., 2. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Bovine serum albumin — Bovine serum albumin, Bovine Albumin, BSA, also known as Fraction V , is a serum albumin protein that has numerous biochemical applications including ELISAs (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay), blots, and immunohistochemistry. It is also used as… …   Wikipedia

  • Bovine serum albumin — Albumine Molécule d albumine Les albumines (du latin albus, blanc) sont des protéines solubles dans l eau pure, moins dans l eau salée. Leur poids moléculaire est d environ 65000 g/mol, elles sont composées d environ 580 acides aminés et ne… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Serum albumin — This article is about the family of mammalian albumin proteins. For the human variant, see human serum albumin. For the cow variant, see bovine serum albumin. Albumin PDB rendering based on 1e7h …   Wikipedia

  • Human serum albumin — is the most abundant protein in human blood plasma. It is produced in the liver. Albumin comprises about half of the blood serum protein. It is soluble and monomeric. The gene for albumin is located on chromosome 4 and mutations in this gene can… …   Wikipedia

  • Fetal bovine serum — (or fetal calf serum) is serum taken from the fetuses of cattle. Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is the most widely used serum in the culturing of eukaryotic cells.The globular protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA), is a major component of fetal bovine… …   Wikipedia

  • serum albumin — A globular protein obtained from blood and body fluids. Bovine and human serum albumins are abbreviated BSA and HSA respectively …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • Albumin — (Latin: albus, white) refers generally to any protein with water solubility, which is moderately soluble in concentrated salt solutions, and experiences heat coagulation (protein denaturation). Substances containing albumin, such as egg white,… …   Wikipedia

  • albumin — The term normally refers to serum albumins, the major protein components of the serum of vertebrates. They have a single polypeptide chain, with multidomain structure containing multiple binding sites for many lipophilic metabolites, notably… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Albumin — The main protein in human blood and the key to the regulation of the osmotic pressure of blood. Chemically, albumin is soluble in water, precipitated by acid, and coagulated by heat. Note that albumin is spelled with an i while albumen with an e… …   Medical dictionary

  • Albumin — Albumine (lat.: albus, „weiß“) gehören wie die Globuline zur Gruppe der globulären Proteine. Albumin sorgt im menschlichen Organismus vor allem für Aufrechterhaltung des kolloidosmotischen Drucks und vermittelt vielen sonst wasserunlöslichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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