adaptive optics

adaptive optics
adaptive optics adaptive optics n. (Astron.) an optical system used in some telescopes since the 1980's which rapidly changes the shape of the primary reflecting mirror to adjust for distortions of light which are caused by atmospheric turbulence. By reducing the distortions caused by the atmosphere, telescopes fitted with such optics can achieve a higher resolving power than normal telescopes with static mirrors. [PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Adaptive optics — (AO) is a technology used to improve the performance of optical systems by reducing the effects of rapidly changing optical distortion. It is used in astronomical telescopes and laser communication systems to remove the effects of atmospheric… …   Wikipedia

  • adaptive optics — noun plural but often singular in construction : a telescopic system that improves image resolution by compensating (as by adjustment of a flexible mirror) for distortions caused by atmospheric turbulence * * * the branch of optics that… …   Useful english dictionary

  • adaptive optics — the branch of optics that compensates for image distortions, esp. by means of flexible mirrors or membranes. * * * …   Universalium

  • adaptive optics — noun plural but singular or plural in construction Date: 1975 a telescopic system that improves image resolution by compensating for distortions caused by atmospheric turbulence …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • adaptive optics — noun An optical system in telescopes that reduces atmospheric distortion by dynamically measuring and correcting wavefront aberrations in real time, often by using a deformable mirror …   Wiktionary

  • adaptive optics — /ədæptɪv ˈɒptɪks/ (say uhdaptiv optiks) noun the process by which the shape of a mirror in a telescope is changed to compensate for atmospheric distortion, using a bright reference star near the region being viewed to determine the amount of… …  

  • Multi-conjugate Adaptive optics Demonstrator — (MAD), is a device that allows the ESO VLT to observe celestial objects better through Earth s atmosphere. MAD provides the observer with an image free from the blurring effect created by atmospheric turbulence. The system uses a computer… …   Wikipedia

  • Multi Application Curvature Adaptive Optics — Pour les articles homonymes, voir MACAO. Multi Application Curvature Adaptive Optics (MACAO) est le système d optique adaptative retenu par l ESO pour équiper : Le foyer coudé de chacun de ses 4 UTs pour le VLTI Le foyer Nasmyth A de l UT1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • adaptive Optik — adaptive Ọptik,   ein abbildendes optisches System zur Korrektur von optisch wirksamen Veränderungen in seinem Strahlengang. Adaptive optische Systeme gewährleisten die Echtzeitkontrolle und Veränderung von Parametern des optischen Wellenfeldes …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Adaptive Optik — Funktionsprinzip einer Adaptiven Optik in der Astronomie. Adaptive Optik (kurz AO) ist eine Technik, die die Qualität optischer Systeme dadurch verbessert, dass sie vorhandene Wellenfrontstörungen, verursacht z. B. durch Luftunruhe,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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