Chalcedony Chal*ced"o*ny (k[a^]l*s[e^]d"[-o]*n[y^] or k[a^]l"s[-e]*d[-o]*n[y^]; 277), n.; pl. {Chalcedonies} (-n[i^]z). [ L. chalcedonius, fr. Gr. CHalkhdw`n Chalcedon, a town in Asia Minor, opposite to Byzantium: cf. calc['e]doine, OE. calcidoine, casidoyne. Cf. {Cassidony}.] (Min.) A cryptocrystalline, translucent variety of quartz, having usually a whitish color, and a luster nearly like wax. [Written also {calcedony}.] [1913 Webster]

Note: When chalcedony is variegated with with spots or figures, or arranged in differently colored layers, it is called {agate}; and if by reason of the thickness, color, and arrangement of the layers it is suitable for being carved into cameos, it is called {onyx}. {Chrysoprase} is green chalcedony; {carnelian}, a flesh red, and {sard}, a brownish red variety. [1913 Webster] ||

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Carnelian — Car*nel ian, n. [For carnelian; influenced by L. carneus fleshy, of flesh, because of its flesh red color. See {Cornellan}.] (Min.) A variety of chalcedony, of a clear, deep red, flesh red, or reddish white color. It is moderately hard, capable… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Carnelian — ist eine rote Rebsorte . Es handelt sich um eine Neuzüchtung zwischen (Carignan x Cabernet Sauvignon) und Grenache. Die Kreuzung erfolgte im Jahre 1949 durch Harold Olmo an der University of California in Davis. Die Markteinführung der Rebsorte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • carnelian — (n.) red variety of chalcedony, variant of CORNELIAN (Cf. cornelian), altered by influence of M.L. carneolus because of its flesh color …   Etymology dictionary

  • carnelian — (also cornelian) ► NOUN ▪ a dull red or pink semi precious variety of chalcedony. ORIGIN Old French corneline, the prefix car being suggested by Latin caro flesh …   English terms dictionary

  • carnelian — [kär nēl′yən] n. [altered, after L caro, flesh (because of its color) < CORNELIAN] a red variety of chalcedony, used in jewelry …   English World dictionary

  • Carnelian — For other uses, see Carnelian (disambiguation). Cornelian redirects here. For other uses, see Cornelian (disambiguation). Sard redirects here. For other uses, see Sard (disambiguation). Carnelian / Sard Polishe …   Wikipedia

  • carnelian — /kahr neel yeuhn/, n. a red or reddish variety of chalcedony, used in jewelry. Also, cornelian. [1685 95; var. (with a of CARNATION) of cornelian, ME cornel(ine) ( < MF, prob. equiv. to OF cornele cornel cherry + ine INE1) + IAN] * * * or… …   Universalium

  • Carnelian Bay, California — Carnelian Bay   census designated place   …   Wikipedia

  • Carnelian (disambiguation) — Carnelian is a reddish brown variety of the mineral chalcedony.Carnelian may also refer to: * Carnelian (artist), a Japanese artist * Carnelian beads, a form of jewellery * Carnelian (color), a shade of the color red * Carnelian (grape), a… …   Wikipedia

  • Carnelian beads — (other variants of the name include Cornelian beads, sadoine, Mecca stone, and pigeon’s blood agate) are a gemstone jewelry made of carnelian quartz. The mineral is found worldwide, but India is reputed for developing the best gemstones. The… …   Wikipedia

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