Centaury Cen"tau*ry (s[e^]n"t[add]*r[y^]), n. [L. centaureum and centauria, Gr. kentay`rion, kentay`reion, and kentayri`h, fr. the Centaur Chiron.] (Bot.) A gentianaceous plant not fully identified. The name is usually given to the {Eryther[ae]a Centaurium} and the {Chlora perfoliata} of Europe, but is also extended to the whole genus {Sabbatia}, and even to the unrelated {Centaurea}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • centaury — small plant with red flowers (now usually erythraea Centaureum), late 14c., from M.L. centaurea, from L. centaureum, from Gk. kentaureion, from kentauros centaur (see CENTAUR (Cf. centaur)), so called according to Pliny because the plant s… …   Etymology dictionary

  • centaury — [sen′tô΄rē] n. pl. centauries [ME centaurie < ML centauria < L centaureum < Gr kentaureion < Kentauros, centaur: the centaur Chiron was said to have discovered medicinal properties of the plant] any of a genus (Centaurium) of small… …   English World dictionary

  • centaury — skėtinė širdažolė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Gencijoninių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Centaurium erythraea), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, Europoje ir Azijoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (svaigiųjų gėrimų… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • centaury — /ˈsɛntɔri/ (say sentawree) noun (plural centauries) any of the herbs belonging to the genus Centaurium, as the common centaury, C. erythraea, and C. umbellatum, with medicinal properties. {Middle English centaurie, from Medieval Latin centauria;… …  

  • centaury — sausvirbė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Šeima. Astriniai – Asteraceae Martynov atitikmenys: lot. Amberboa angl. centaury; cornflower; knapweed vok. Flockenblume rus. василек lenk. chaber …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • centaury — bajorė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Astrinių (Asteraceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Centaurea). atitikmenys: lot. Centaurea angl. blue cap; centaury; cornflower; dusty miller; knapweed; star thistle vok. Bisamknopf; Flockenblume; Kornblume… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • centaury — širdažolė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Gencijoninių (Gentianaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Centaurium). atitikmenys: lot. Centaurium angl. centaury; centaurium vok. Tausendgüldenkraut rus. золототысячник lenk. centauria; centuria …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • centaury — noun (plural ries) Etymology: Middle English centaure, from Anglo French centorie, from Medieval Latin centaurea, from Latin centaureum, from Greek kentaureion, from Kentauros Date: 14th century any of a genus (Centaurium) of low herbs of the… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • centaury — /sen taw ree/, n., pl. centauries. 1. any of various plants belonging to the genus Centaurium, of the gentian family, having clusters of small pink or red flowers. 2. any of several other plants of the genera Centaurea and Sabatia. [bef. 1000; ME …   Universalium

  • centaury — [ sɛntɔ:ri] noun (plural centauries) a plant of the gentian family, typically having pink flowers. [Centaurium minus and other species.] Origin ME: from late L. centaurea, based on Gk kentauros centaur …   English new terms dictionary

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