Garnet Gar"net, n. [OE. gernet, grenat, OF. grenet,grenat, F. grenat, LL. granatus, fr. L. granatum pomegranate, granatus having many grains or seeds, fr. granum grain, seed. So called from its resemblance in color and shape to the grains or seeds of the pomegranate. See {Grain}, and cf. {Grenade}, {Pomegranate}.] (Min.) A mineral having many varieties differing in color and in their constituents, but with the same crystallization (isometric), and conforming to the same general chemical formula. The commonest color is red, the luster is vitreous, and the hardness greater than that of quartz. The dodecahedron and trapezohedron are the common forms. [1913 Webster]

Note: There are also white, green, yellow, brown, and black varieties. The garnet is a silicate, the bases being aluminia lime (grossularite, essonite, or cinnamon stone), or aluminia magnesia (pyrope), or aluminia iron (almandine), or aluminia manganese (spessartite), or iron lime (common garnet, melanite, allochroite), or chromium lime (ouvarovite, color emerald green). The transparent red varieties are used as gems. The garnet was, in part, the carbuncle of the ancients. Garnet is a very common mineral in gneiss and mica slate. [1913 Webster]

{Garnet berry} (Bot.), the red currant; -- so called from its transparent red color.

{Garnet brown} (Chem.), an artificial dyestuff, produced as an explosive brown crystalline substance with a green or golden luster. It consists of the potassium salt of a complex cyanogen derivative of picric acid. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Garnet — ist der Familienname von Henry Garnet (1555 1606), englischer Jesuit Garnet ist ein europäisches Forschungsnetzwerk, siehe GARNET (Netzwerk) die englische Bezeichnung für die Mineralgruppe der Granate Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Garnet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gârneţ — GÂRNÉŢ, gârneţi, s.m. (reg.) Par (mai gros) făcut de obicei din lemn de stejar. – Din gârniţă. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  gârnéţ s. m., pl. gârnéţi Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  GÂRNÉŢ gârneţi m …   Dicționar Român

  • Garnet — Gar net, n. [Etymol. unknown.] (Naut.) A tackle for hoisting cargo in or out. [1913 Webster] {Clew garnet}. See under {Clew}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • garnet — early 14c., metathesized from O.Fr. grenat garnet, originally an adjective, of a dark red color, from M.L. granatum, originally an adjective, of dark red color, perhaps abstracted from POMEGRANATE (Cf. pomegranate) (q.v.), from the stone s… …   Etymology dictionary

  • garnet — ► NOUN ▪ a deep red semi precious stone. ORIGIN perhaps from Latin granatum, as in pomum granatum pomegranate (literally apple having many seeds ), because the garnet is similar in colour to the pulp of the fruit …   English terms dictionary

  • garnet — garnet1 [gär′nit] n. [ME gernet < OFr grenat < ML granatus < granatum, garnet, lit., pomegranate < L (see POMEGRANATE): from the resemblance in color] 1. any of a group of very hard silicate minerals having the general formula A3B2… …   English World dictionary

  • Garnet [1] — Garnet (v. engl.), das Seil zum Ein u. Auswinden der Schiffsfracht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Garnet [2] — Garnet, Heinrich, geb. 1555 in Nottingham, wurde 1575 in Rom Jesuit, Lehrer der Philosophie u. Mathematik, ging 1586 nach England zurück, wurde 1604 als einer der vorzüglichsten Urheber der Pulververschwörung (s.d.) 1606 in London gehängt u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Garnet — For other uses, see Garnet (disambiguation). Garnet General Category Nesosilicate Chemical …   Wikipedia

  • garnet — garnetlike, adj. /gahr nit/, n. 1. any of a group of hard, vitreous minerals, silicates of calcium, magnesium, iron, or manganese with aluminum or iron, varying in color: a deep red transparent variety is used as a gem and as an abrasive. 2. a… …   Universalium

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