Graphite Graph"ite, n. [Gr. gra`fein to write: cf. F. graphite. See {Graphic}.] (Min.) Native carbon in hexagonal crystals, also foliated or granular massive, of black color and metallic luster, and so soft as to leave a trace on paper. It is used for pencils (improperly called lead pencils), for crucibles, and as a lubricator, etc. Often called {plumbago} or {black lead}. [1913 Webster]

{Graphite battery} (Elec.), a voltaic battery consisting of zinc and carbon in sulphuric acid, or other exciting liquid. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • graphite — (n.) 1796, from Ger. Graphit black lead, coined 1789 by German mineralogist Abraham Gottlob Werner (1750 1817) from Gk. graphein write (see GRAPHY (Cf. graphy)) + mineral suffix ITE (Cf. ite). So called because it was used in pencils. Related:… …   Etymology dictionary

  • graphite — ► NOUN ▪ a grey form of carbon used as a solid lubricant and as pencil lead. DERIVATIVES graphitic adjective. ORIGIN from Greek graphein write (because of its use in pencils) …   English terms dictionary

  • graphite — [graf′īt΄] n. [Ger graphit < Gr graphein, to write (see GRAPHIC): from its use as writing material] a very soft, black, hexagonal mineral of pure carbon, formed in thin plates and found in metamorphic rocks: used in making electrodes, paints,… …   English World dictionary

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  • graphite — graphitic /greuh fit ik/, adj. /graf uyt/, n. a very common mineral, soft native carbon, occurring in black to dark gray foliated masses, with metallic luster and greasy feel: used for pencil leads, as a lubricant, and for making crucibles and… …   Universalium

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