Moral insanity

Moral insanity
Moral Mor"al, a. [F., fr. It. moralis, fr. mos, moris, manner, custom, habit, way of life, conduct.] 1. Relating to duty or obligation; pertaining to those intentions and actions of which right and wrong, virtue and vice, are predicated, or to the rules by which such intentions and actions ought to be directed; relating to the practice, manners, or conduct of men as social beings in relation to each other, as respects right and wrong, so far as they are properly subject to rules. [1913 Webster]

Keep at the least within the compass of moral actions, which have in them vice or virtue. --Hooker. [1913 Webster]

Mankind is broken loose from moral bands. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

She had wandered without rule or guidance in a moral wilderness. --Hawthorne. [1913 Webster]

2. Conformed to accepted rules of right; acting in conformity with such rules; virtuous; just; as, a moral man. Used sometimes in distinction from religious; as, a moral rather than a religious life. [1913 Webster]

The wiser and more moral part of mankind. --Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster]

3. Capable of right and wrong action or of being governed by a sense of right; subject to the law of duty. [1913 Webster]

A moral agent is a being capable of those actions that have a moral quality, and which can properly be denominated good or evil in a moral sense. --J. Edwards. [1913 Webster]

4. Acting upon or through one's moral nature or sense of right, or suited to act in such a manner; as, a moral arguments; moral considerations. Sometimes opposed to {material} and {physical}; as, moral pressure or support. [1913 Webster]

5. Supported by reason or probability; practically sufficient; -- opposed to {legal} or {demonstrable}; as, a moral evidence; a moral certainty. [1913 Webster]

6. Serving to teach or convey a moral; as, a moral lesson; moral tales. [1913 Webster]

{Moral agent}, a being who is capable of acting with reference to right and wrong.

{Moral certainty}, a very high degree or probability, although not demonstrable as a certainty; a probability of so high a degree that it can be confidently acted upon in the affairs of life; as, there is a moral certainty of his guilt.

{Moral insanity}, insanity, so called, of the moral system; badness alleged to be irresponsible.

{Moral philosophy}, the science of duty; the science which treats of the nature and condition of man as a moral being, of the duties which result from his moral relations, and the reasons on which they are founded.

{Moral play}, an allegorical play; a morality. [Obs.]

{Moral sense}, the power of moral judgment and feeling; the capacity to perceive what is right or wrong in moral conduct, and to approve or disapprove, independently of education or the knowledge of any positive rule or law.

{Moral theology}, theology applied to morals; practical theology; casuistry. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Moral insanity — (Latin mania sine delirio; French folie raisonnante or folie lucide raisonnante, monomanie affective; German Moralisches Irresein[1]) is a medical diagnosis first described by the French humanitarian and psychiatrist Philippe Pinel in 1806.[2]… …   Wikipedia

  • MORAL INSANITY — MORAL INSANITY, insanitas moralis, нравственное помешательство. Под этим названием англ. психиатр Причард (Prichard) в 1835 г. попытался выделить в виде особой болезненной формы группу случаев, характеризующихся исключительным поражением… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • Moral insanity — (engl. für Moralischer Schwachsinn, moralischer Wahnsinn) ist ein nur noch selten verwendeter Begriff aus der Psychiatrie und aus der Philosophie. Er bezeichnet einen Zustand von Gefühlskälte, Grausamkeit und absolutem Egoismus, verbunden mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MORAL INSANITY —         (англ.) моральный недуг. Философский энциклопедический словарь. М.: Советская энциклопедия. Гл. редакция: Л. Ф. Ильичёв, П. Н. Федосеев, С. М. Ковалёв, В. Г. Панов. 1983. MORAL INSANITY …   Философская энциклопедия

  • Moral insanity — (engl., spr. morrel inßännĭtī), »moralischer Irrsinn«, eine Form von Schwachsinn mit mehr oder weniger vollständigem Fehlen moralischer Gefühle und Begriffe (Mangel an Altruismus). Heute wird die M. i. nicht mehr als ein selbständiges… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moral insanity — (engl., spr. morrĕl insännĭtĭ), moralisches Irresein, Moralblödsinn, Gemütswahnsinn, Form von Schwachsinn, die sich im Fehlen moralischer (ethischer) Gefühle und Begriffe kundgibt; meist angeboren, entwickelt sich auch durch Kopfverletzung,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Moral insanity — [mọrel inßạ̈niti; engl.] w; : tiefgreifender Defekt im moralischen Fühlen u. Verhalten, oft bei sonst normaler Intelligenz …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Moral Insanity — Mo|ral In|sa|ni|ty [ mɔrəl in sænəti] die; <aus engl. moral insanity, eigtl. »sittlicher Irrsinn«> Defekt der moralischen Gefühle u. Begriffe [bei normaler Intelligenz] (Med., Psychol.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Moral insanity —    (insanity without hallucinations or delusions). See Prichard, James Cowles (1835).    Distinction between momentary symptom picture and underlying disease process in psychiatry (1844). To some extent, physicians have always been aware that the …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • moral insanity — Such mental disease as destroys the ability to distinguish between right and wrong in a particular act; a perversion of the moral sense. 29 Am J Rev ed Ins Per § 3 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

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