Naphthalene

Naphthalene
Naphthalene Naph"tha*lene, n. (Chem.) A white crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon, {C10H8}, analogous to benzene, and obtained by the distillation of certain bituminous materials, such as the heavy oil of coal tar. It is the type and basis of a large number of derivatives among organic compounds. Formerly called also {naphthaline}. [1913 Webster]

{Naphthalene red} (Chem.), a dyestuff obtained from certain diazo derivatives of naphthylamine, and called also {magdala red}.

{Naphthalene yellow} (Chem.), a yellow dyestuff obtained from certain nitro derivatives of naphthol. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • naphthalene — (n.) 1821, coined by English chemist John Kidd (1775 1851), who first isolated and studied it, from NAPHTHA (Cf. naphtha) + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2) + l for the sake of euphony …   Etymology dictionary

  • naphthalene — [naf′thəlēn΄, nap′thəlēn΄] n. [earlier naphthaline < NAPHTHA + l + INE3] a white, crystalline, aromatic hydrocarbon, C10H8, produced in the fractional distillation of coal tar: it is used in moth repellents and in the manufacture of certain… …   English World dictionary

  • Naphthalene — Not to be confused with Naphtha, a broad term describing liquid hydrocarbon mixtures. Naphthalene …   Wikipedia

  • naphthalene — naphthalic /naf thal ik, nap /, naphthalenic /naf theuh len ik, nap /, adj. /naf theuh leen , nap /, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, water insoluble hydrocarbon, C10H8, usually obtained from coal tar: used in making dyes, as a moth repellant, etc …   Universalium

  • naphthalene — naftalenas statusas T sritis chemija formulė C₁₀H₈ atitikmenys: angl. naphthalene rus. нафталин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Naphthalene 1,2-dioxygenase — Identifiers EC number 1.14.12.12 CAS number 9074 04 8 …   Wikipedia

  • Naphthalene red — Naphthalene Naph tha*lene, n. (Chem.) A white crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon, {C10H8}, analogous to benzene, and obtained by the distillation of certain bituminous materials, such as the heavy oil of coal tar. It is the type and basis of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Naphthalene yellow — Naphthalene Naph tha*lene, n. (Chem.) A white crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon, {C10H8}, analogous to benzene, and obtained by the distillation of certain bituminous materials, such as the heavy oil of coal tar. It is the type and basis of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • naphthalene oil — naftaleno alyva statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Akmens anglių deguto frakcija. atitikmenys: angl. naphthalene oil rus. нафталиновое масло …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • naphthalene poisoning — noun toxic condition resulting from inhaling or ingesting naphthalene • Hypernyms: ↑poisoning, ↑toxic condition, ↑intoxication …   Useful english dictionary

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