Atrium A"tri*um, n.; pl. {Atria}. [L., the fore court of a Roman house.] 1. (Arch.) (a) A square hall lighted from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels. (b) An open court with a porch or gallery around three or more sides; especially at the entrance of a basilica or other church. The name was extended in the Middle Ages to the open churchyard or cemetery. [1913 Webster]

2. (Anat.) The main part of either auricle of the heart as distinct from the auricular appendix. Also, the whole articular portion of the heart. [1913 Webster]

3. (Zo["o]l.) A cavity in ascidians into which the intestine and generative ducts open, and which also receives the water from the gills. See {Ascidioidea}. [1913 Webster]

4. (Anat.) A cavity, entrance, or passage; as, the atrium, or atrial cavity, in the body wall of the amphioxus; an atrium of the infundibula of the lungs, etc. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] ||

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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