Autotrophic

Autotrophic
Autotrophic Au`to*troph"ic, a. [Auto- + trophic.] (Plant Physiol.) Capable of self-nourishment; requiring only minerals for growth; using carbonate or carbon dioxide as a source of carbon and simple inorganic nitrogen as a nitrogen source; -- said of all plants in which photosynthetic activity takes place, and certain bacteria. It is opposed to parasitism or saprophytism. [Webster 1913 Suppl. + WordNet 1.5]

2. of or pertaining to an autotroph. [WordNet 1.5]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • autotrophic — [ôt΄ō träf′ik] adj. 〚 AUTO + TROPHIC〛 making its own food by photosynthesis, as a green plant does, or by chemosynthesis, as any of certain bacteria do: cf. HETEROTROPHIC autotroph [ôt΄ōträf΄] n …   Universalium

  • autotrophic — [ôt΄ō träf′ik] adj. [ AUTO + TROPHIC] making its own food by photosynthesis, as a green plant does, or by chemosynthesis, as any of certain bacteria do: cf. HETEROTROPHIC autotroph [ôt΄ōträf΄] n. autotrophically adv …   English World dictionary

  • autotrophic — adjective Etymology: probably from German autotroph, from Greek autotrophos supplying one s own food, from aut + trephein to nourish Date: 1893 1. requiring only carbon dioxide or carbonates as a source of carbon and a simple inorganic nitrogen… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • autotrophic — 1. Self nourishing. The ability of an organism to produce food from inorganic compounds. 2. Pertaining to an autotroph. * * * au·to·tro·phic .ȯt ə trō fik adj 1) needing only carbon dioxide or carbonates as a source of carbon and a simple… …   Medical dictionary

  • autotrophic — lithotrophic; adj. describing organisms (known as autotrophs) that synthesize their organic materials from carbon dioxide and nitrates or ammonium compounds, using an external source of energy. Photoautotrophic organisms, including green plants… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • autotrophic fixation — the cyclic mechanism whereby carbon dioxide is fixed into organic linkage by autotrophic organisms, e.g., plants and autotrophic bacteria …   Medical dictionary

  • autotrophic assimilation — autotrofinė asimiliacija statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Organizmo medžiagų sintezė iš neorganinių junginių (CO₂, H₂O, NH₃). atitikmenys: angl. autotrophic assimilation rus. автотрофная ассимиляция …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • autotrophic organisms — autotrofai statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Organizmai, sintetinantys organines medžiagas iš neorganinių junginių (anglies dioksido ir vandens). atitikmenys: angl. autotrophic organisms; autotrophics vok. autotrophe… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • autotrophic bacteria — autotrofinės bakterijos statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Fotoautotrofinės bakterijos (melsvabakterės, purpurinės bakterijos), organinių medžiagų sintezei naudojančios šviesos energiją, ir chemoautotrofinės bakterijos,… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • autotrophic — adj. [Gr. autos, self; trophein, to nourish] Capable of synthesizing all substances needed for nutrition from inorganic food substances; see heterotroph …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

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