Phonograph Pho"no*graph, n. [Phono- + -graph.] 1. A character or symbol used to represent a sound, esp. one used in phonography. [1913 Webster]

2. (Physics) An instrument for the mechanical registration and reproduction of audible sounds, as articulate speech, etc. It consists of a rotating cylinder or disk covered with some material easily indented, as tinfoil, wax, paraffin, etc., above which is a thin plate carrying a stylus. As the plate vibrates under the influence of a sound, the stylus makes minute indentations or undulations in the soft material, and these, when the cylinder or disk is again turned, set the plate in vibration, and reproduce the sound. [1913 Webster]

3. an instrument for reproducing sounds, especially music, previously recorded on a plastic cylinder or disk as a pattern of bumps or wiggles in a groove. A needle (stylus) held in the groove is made to vibrate by motion (rotation) of the recording, and the vibrations caused by the bumps and wiggles are transmitted directly to a membrane, or first to an electronic amplifier circuit, thereby reproducing with greater or less fidelity the original sounds. A phonograph which is equipped with electronics enabling the playback of sound with high fidelity to the original is often called a {hi-fi}.

Note: In the 1990's such devices are beginning to be replaced in many homes by compact disk players; the production of plastic recordings of music for playback on a phonograph has almost ceased for entertainment purposes. [PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Phonograph — (griech., Laut , Klangschreiber), von Edison 1877 erfundener Apparat, der die menschliche Sprache sowie Töne und Laute jeder Art auszeichnet und nach Belieben wieder zu Gehör bringt. Fig. 1. Phonograph. Das Prinzip des Apparats ist aus Fig. 1 und …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Phonograph — Phonograph. Der von Edison 1878 erfundene Phonograph ist aus dem Phonautograph (s.d.) hervorgegangen. Er unterscheidet sich dadurch von diesem, daß er nicht zur Uebertragung der Schallwellen in eine sichtbare, die Wellenformen charakterisierende… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • phonograph — 1835, character representing a sound, lit. writer of sounds, from Gk. phono sound + graphos writing, writer. Phonographic (1840) originally was in ref. to shorthand; meaning of an instrument that produces sounds from records (talking phonograph,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Phonograph — Phonogrāph (grch.), ein von Edison 1877 erfundener akustischer Apparat, Laute zu fixieren und beliebig wiederzugeben; eine durch die Schallwellen in Schwingungen versetzte dünne Membran macht mittels eines Stichels Eindrücke auf eine rotierende… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • phonograph — is now disused in BrE as a term for a type of gramophone, but is still used in AmE for any type of gramophone or record player (before the development of the compact disc) …   Modern English usage

  • phonograph — ► NOUN 1) Brit. an early form of gramophone. 2) N. Amer. a record player. DERIVATIVES phonographic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • phonograph — ☆ phonograph [fō′nə graf΄] n. [ PHONO + GRAPH ] a device for reproducing sound that has been mechanically transcribed in a spiral groove on a circular disk or cylinder: a stylus following the groove in the revolving disk or cylinder transmits… …   English World dictionary

  • Phonograph — Turntable redirects here. For other uses, see Turntable (disambiguation). Edison cylinder phonograph ca. 1899 …   Wikipedia

  • Phonograph — Thomas Alva Edison mit seinem leicht verbesserten Zinnfolien Phonographen von 1878 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • phonograph — /foh neuh graf , grahf /, n. any sound reproducing machine using records in the form of cylinders or discs. [1825 35 in sense phonogram ; 1877 for the talking phonograph invented by T. A. Edison; PHONO + GRAPH] * * * or record player Instrument… …   Universalium

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