Sal ammoniac

Sal ammoniac
Sal Sal (s[a^]l), n. [L. See {Salt}.] (Chem. & Pharm.) Salt. [1913 Webster]

{Sal absinthii} [NL.] (Old Chem.), an impure potassium carbonate obtained from the ashes of wormwood ({Artemisia Absinthium}).

{Sal acetosell[ae]} [NL.] (Old Chem.), salt of sorrel.

{Sal alembroth}. (Old Chem.) See {Alembroth}.

{Sal ammoniac} (Chem.), ammonium chloride, {NH4Cl}, a white crystalline volatile substance having a sharp salty taste, obtained from gas works, from nitrogenous matter, etc. It is largely employed as a source of ammonia, as a reagent, and as an expectorant in bronchitis. So called because originally made from the soot from camel's dung at the temple of Jupiter Ammon in Africa. Called also {muriate of ammonia}.

{Sal catharticus} [NL.] (Old Med. Chem.), Epsom salts.

{Sal culinarius} [L.] (Old Chem.), common salt, or sodium chloride.

{Sal Cyrenaicus}. [NL.] (Old Chem.) See {Sal ammoniac} above.

{Sal de duobus}, {Sal duplicatum} [NL.] (Old Chem.), potassium sulphate; -- so called because erroneously supposed to be composed of two salts, one acid and one alkaline.

{Sal diureticus} [NL.] (Old Med. Chem.), potassium acetate.

{Sal enixum} [NL.] (Old Chem.), acid potassium sulphate.

{Sal gemm[ae]} [NL.] (Old Min.), common salt occuring native.

{Sal Jovis} [NL.] (Old Chem.), salt tin, or stannic chloride; -- the alchemical name of tin being Jove.

{Sal Martis} [NL.] (Old Chem.), green vitriol, or ferrous sulphate; -- the alchemical name of iron being Mars.

{Sal microcosmicum} [NL.] (Old Chem.) See {Microcosmic salt}, under {Microcosmic}.

{Sal plumbi} [NL.] (Old Chem.), sugar of lead.

{Sal prunella}. (Old Chem.) See {Prunella salt}, under 1st {Prunella}.

{Sal Saturni} [NL.] (Old Chem.), sugar of lead, or lead acetate; -- the alchemical name of lead being Saturn.

{Sal sedativus} [NL.] (Old Chem.), sedative salt, or boric acid.

{Sal Seignette} [F. seignette, sel de seignette] (Chem.), Rochelle salt.

{Sal soda} (Chem.), sodium carbonate. See under {Sodium}.

{Sal vitrioli} [NL.] (Old Chem.), white vitriol; zinc sulphate.

{Sal volatile}. [NL.] (a) (Chem.) See {Sal ammoniac}, above. (b) Spirits of ammonia. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sal ammoniac — Ammoniac Am*mo ni*ac, Ammoniacal Am mo*ni a*cal, a. Of, pertaining, or containing ammonia, or possessing its properties; as, an ammoniac salt; ammoniacal gas. [1913 Webster] {Ammoniacal engine}, an engine in which the vapor of ammonia is used as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sal ammoniac — n. [ME sal armoniak: see SAL & AMMONIAC] AMMONIUM CHLORIDE …   English World dictionary

  • sal ammoniac — ► NOUN dated ▪ ammonium chloride, a white crystalline salt. ORIGIN Latin sal ammoniacus salt of Ammon , from Greek amm niakos of Ammon , used as a name for the salt and gum obtained near the temple of Jupiter Ammon at Siwa in Egypt …   English terms dictionary

  • Sal ammoniac — Infobox mineral name = Sal ammoniac category = Halide Group Mineral boxwidth = boxbgcolor = imagesize = caption = formula = NH4Cl molweight = 53.49 g/mol color = Colorless, White, habit = massive, Encrustations system = Isometric twinning = on… …   Wikipedia

  • sal ammoniac — sal am·mo·ni·ac .sal ə mō nē .ak n AMMONIUM CHLORIDE * * * ammonium chloride …   Medical dictionary

  • sal ammoniac — [ˌsal ə məʊnɪak] noun dated ammonium chloride, a white crystalline salt. Origin ME: from L. sal ammoniacus salt of Ammon ; see word history at ammonia …   English new terms dictionary

  • sal ammoniac — sal′ ammo′niac n. chem. ammonium chloride • Etymology: 1300–50 …   From formal English to slang

  • sal ammoniac — noun Etymology: Middle English sal armoniak, from Latin sal ammoniacus, literally, salt of Ammon Date: 14th century ammonium chloride …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sal ammoniac — /sæl əˈmoʊniæk/ (say sal uh mohneeak) noun → ammonium chloride …  

  • sal ammoniac — n. ammonium chloride, a white crystalline salt. Etymology: L sal ammoniacus salt of Ammon , associated with the Roman temple of Ammon in N. Africa …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”