acetonitrile

acetonitrile
Nitrile Ni"trile (? or ?), n. [See {Nitro-}.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of compounds bearing the cyanide radical ({-CN}); particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia. [1913 Webster]

Note: The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is {formic nitrile}, methyl cyanide is {acetonitrile} (also {acetic nitrile}), and ethyl cyanide is {propionitrile} (from propionic acid). [1913 Webster +PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Acetonitrile — Acetonitrile …   Wikipedia

  • Acétonitrile — Général Synonymes Cyanure de méthyle C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Acetonitrile — Acétonitrile Acétonitrile Général Synonymes Cyanure de méthyle Cyanométhane Ethanenitrile …   Wikipédia en Français

  • acétonitrile — ● acétonitrile nom masculin Composé CH3―C≡N. (C est un bon solvant, souvent employé pour la synthèse de l acétamide et de ses dérivés.) ● acétonitrile (synonymes) nom masculin Composé CH 3 ―C≡N. Synonymes : nitrile acétique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • acetonitrile — acetonitrilas statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃CN atitikmenys: angl. acetonitrile; methyl cyanide rus. ацетонитрил; цианистый метил ryšiai: sinonimas – etannitrilas …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Acetonitrile (data page) — This page provides supplementary chemical data on acetonitrile. Material Safety Data Sheet The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this… …   Wikipedia

  • acetonitrile — noun Date: circa 1869 the colorless liquid nitrile CH3CN of acetic acid used chiefly in organic synthesis and as a solvent …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • acetonitrile — /as i toh nuy tril, treel, euh see toh /, n. Chem. a colorless, poisonous, water soluble liquid, C2H3N, having an etherlike odor: used chiefly in organic synthesis and as a solvent. Also called methyl cyanide. [1865 70; ACETO + NITRILE] * * * …   Universalium

  • acetonitrile — noun The simplest organic cyanide or nitrile, CHCN. Syn: methyl cyanide …   Wiktionary

  • acetonitrile — Methyl cyanide; a colorless fluid of aromatic odor, soluble in water and alcohol. * * * ace·to·ni·trile .as ə tō nī trəl, ə sēt ō , .trēl n the colorless liquid nitrile CH3CN of acetic acid usu. made by dehydration of acetamide and used chiefly… …   Medical dictionary

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