Tin foil

Tin foil
Tin Tin, n. [As. tin; akin to D. tin, G. zinn, OHG. zin, Icel. & Dan. tin, Sw. tenn; of unknown origin.] 1. (Chem.) An elementary substance found as an oxide in the mineral cassiterite, and reduced as a soft silvery-white crystalline metal, with a tinge of yellowish-blue, and a high luster. It is malleable at ordinary temperatures, but brittle when heated. It is softer than gold and can be beaten out into very thin strips called tinfoil. It is ductile at 2120, when it can be drawn out into wire which is not very tenacious; it melts at 4420, and at a higher temperature burns with a brilliant white light. Air and moisture act on tin very slightly. The peculiar properties of tin, especially its malleability, its brilliancy and the slowness with which it rusts make it very serviceable. With other metals it forms valuable alloys, as bronze, gun metal, bell metal, pewter and solder. It is not easily oxidized in the air, and is used chiefly to coat iron to protect it from rusting, in the form of tin foil with mercury to form the reflective surface of mirrors, and in solder, bronze, speculum metal, and other alloys. Its compounds are designated as stannous, or stannic. Symbol Sn (Stannum). Atomic weight 117.4. [1913 Webster]

2. Thin plates of iron covered with tin; tin plate. [1913 Webster]

3. Money. [Cant] --Beaconsfield. [1913 Webster]

{Block tin} (Metal.), commercial tin, cast into blocks, and partially refined, but containing small quantities of various impurities, as copper, lead, iron, arsenic, etc.; solid tin as distinguished from tin plate; -- called also {bar tin}.

{Butter of tin}. (Old Chem.) See {Fuming liquor of Libavius}, under {Fuming}.

{Grain tin}. (Metal.) See under {Grain}.

{Salt of tin} (Dyeing), stannous chloride, especially so called when used as a mordant.

{Stream tin}. See under {Stream}.

{Tin cry} (Chem.), the peculiar creaking noise made when a bar of tin is bent. It is produced by the grating of the crystal granules on each other.

{Tin foil}, tin reduced to a thin leaf.

{Tin frame} (Mining), a kind of buddle used in washing tin ore.

{Tin liquor}, {Tin mordant} (Dyeing), stannous chloride, used as a mordant in dyeing and calico printing.

{Tin penny}, a customary duty in England, formerly paid to tithingmen for liberty to dig in tin mines. [Obs.] --Bailey.

{Tin plate}, thin sheet iron coated with tin.

{Tin pyrites}. See {Stannite}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • tin|foil — «TIHN FOYL», noun, adjective. –n. Also, tin foil. 1. a very thin sheet of tin, or of an alloy of tin and lead, used as a wrapping for candy, tobacco, or similar articles. 2. tin hammered or rolled into a thin sheet and coated with mercury, used… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tin foil — Tinfoil or tin foil is a thin leaf made of tin. Actual tin foil has been superseded by cheaper and more durable aluminium foil, which is still sometimes mistakenly referred to as tin foil . History Foil made from a thin leaf of tin was… …   Wikipedia

  • tin foil — staniolis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis 0,007–0,13 mm storio alavo ar jo lydinių su Pb ir kitais metalais folija. atitikmenys: angl. metal paper; tin foil; tin leaf rus. станиоль …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • tin·foil — /ˈtınˌfojəl/ noun [noncount] : a thin sheet of shiny metal that is used especially for cooking or storing food Wrap the leftover food in tinfoil. a piece of tinfoil …   Useful english dictionary

  • tin foil — noun 1. foil made of tin or an alloy of tin and lead • Syn: ↑tinfoil • Hypernyms: ↑foil • Substance Meronyms: ↑tin, ↑Sn, ↑atomic number 50 2. foil made of aluminum …   Useful english dictionary

  • tin foil — a thin sheet rolled from tin, used as a protective wrapping; also used as a separating material between the cast and denture base material during flasking and curing. Written also tinfoil …   Medical dictionary

  • tin foil — noun alternative spelling of tinfoil …   Wiktionary

  • tin foil — see tinfoil …   English dictionary

  • tin foil — strong paper made of aluminum with a silver color used in the kitchen …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Tin foil hat — A tin foil hat is a piece of headgear made from one or more sheets of tin foil, aluminium foil or similar material. People wear the hats in the belief that they act to shield the brain from such influences as electromagnetic fields, or against… …   Wikipedia

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