Tonka bean

Tonka bean
Bean Bean (b[=e]n), n. [OE. bene, AS. be['a]n; akin to D. boon, G. bohne, OHG. p[=o]na, Icel. baun, Dan. b["o]nne, Sw. b["o]na, and perh. to Russ. bob, L. faba.] 1. (Bot.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the genera {Faba}, {Phaseolus}, and {Dolichos}; also, to the herbs. [1913 Webster]

Note: The origin and classification of many kinds are still doubtful. Among true beans are: the black-eyed bean and China bean, included in {Dolichos Sinensis}; black Egyptian bean or hyacinth bean, {Dolichos Lablab}; the common haricot beans, kidney beans, string beans, and pole beans, all included in {Phaseolus vulgaris}; the lower bush bean, {Phaseolus vulgaris}, variety nanus; Lima bean, {Phaseolus lunatus}; Spanish bean and scarlet runner, {Phaseolus multiflorus}; Windsor bean, the common bean of England, {Faba vulgaris}. [1913 Webster] As an article of food beans are classed with vegetables. [1913 Webster]

2. The popular name of other vegetable seeds or fruits, more or less resembling true beans. [1913 Webster]

{Bean aphis} (Zo["o]l.), a plant louse ({Aphis fab[ae]}) which infests the bean plant.

{Bean fly} (Zo["o]l.), a fly found on bean flowers.

{Bean goose} (Zo["o]l.), a species of goose ({Anser segetum}).

{Bean weevil} (Zo["o]l.), a small weevil that in the larval state destroys beans. The American species is {Bruchus fab[ae]}.

{Florida bean} (Bot.), the seed of {Mucuna urens}, a West Indian plant. The seeds are washed up on the Florida shore, and are often polished and made into ornaments.

{Ignatius bean}, or {St. Ignatius's bean} (Bot.), a species of {Strychnos}.

{Navy bean}, the common dried white bean of commerce; probably so called because an important article of food in the navy.

{Pea bean}, a very small and highly esteemed variety of the edible white bean; -- so called from its size.

{Sacred bean}. See under {Sacred}.

{Screw bean}. See under {Screw}.

{Sea bean}. (a) Same as {Florida bean}. (b) A red bean of unknown species used for ornament.

{Tonquin bean}, or {Tonka bean}, the fragrant seed of {Dipteryx odorata}, a leguminous tree.

{Vanilla bean}. See under {Vanilla}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tonka bean — Ton ka bean [Cf. F. onca, tonka.] (Bot.) The seed of a leguminous tree ({Dipteryx odorata}), native of Guiana. It has a peculiarly agreeable smell, and is employed in the scenting of snuff. Called also {tonquin bean}. [Written also {tonca bean},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tonka-bean — /tongˈkə bēnˈ/ noun 1. (also tonga bean /tongˈgə /, tonquin bean /tongˈkēn /) the coumarin scented seed of a large papilionaceous tree (genus Dipteryx) of Guiana, used for flavouring snuff, etc 2. The tree from which it comes ORIGIN: Local name …   Useful english dictionary

  • tonka bean — [täŋ′kə] n. [prob. < Tupí name in Guiana] 1. the fragrant, almond shaped seed of any of several South American leguminous trees (genus Dipteryx) used in perfumes, drugs, etc. 2. the tree …   English World dictionary

  • tonka-bean — kvapioji tongapupė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Pupinių šeimos dažinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Dipteryx odorata), paplitęs Pietų Amerikoje. Naudojamas maisto priedams (kvėpikliams, vanilės pakaitalui) gaminti, iš jo gaunamas… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Tonka bean — Taxobox image width = 250px image caption = Tonka Beans name = Tonka bean regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Fabales familia = Fabaceae subfamilia = Faboideae tribus = Dipterygeae genus = Dipteryx species = D …   Wikipedia

  • tonka bean — Dipteryx Dipteryx n. a genus of tropical American trees which produce a black seed called the {tonka bean}. Syn: Coumarouna, genus {Coumarouna}, genus {Dipteryx}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tonka bean — /ˈtɒŋkə bin/ (say tongkuh been) noun 1. the fragrant, black, almond shaped seed of a tall leguminous tree, Dipteryx odorata, of tropical South America, used in perfumes and snuff. 2. the tree itself. {? Galibi tonka + bean} …   Australian-English dictionary

  • tonka bean — ton·ka bean täŋ kə n the seed of any of several leguminous trees of the genus Dipteryx that contains coumarin and is used in perfumes and as a flavoring also a tree bearing tonka beans * * * 1. Dipteryx odorata. 2. the seed of D. odorata, which… …   Medical dictionary

  • tonka bean — n. the black fragrant seed of a South American tree, Dipteryx odorata, used in perfumery etc. Etymology: tonka, its name in Guyana, + BEAN …   Useful english dictionary

  • tonka bean — noun Etymology: Dutch tonka( boon) & Portuguese (fava )tonca, perhaps of Cariban origin Date: 1796 the coumarin containing seed of any of several tropical American leguminous trees (genus Dipteryx, especially D. odorata) that is used in perfumes… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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