Mustard Mus"tard, n. [OF. moustarde, F. moutarde, fr. L. mustum must, -- mustard was prepared for use by being mixed with must. See {Must}, n.] 1. (Bot.) The name of several cruciferous plants of the genus {Brassica} (formerly {Sinapis}), as {white mustard} ({Brassica alba}), {black mustard} ({Brassica Nigra}), {wild mustard} or {charlock} ({Brassica Sinapistrum}). [1913 Webster]

Note: There are also many herbs of the same family which are called mustard, and have more or less of the flavor of the true mustard; as, bowyer's mustard ({Lepidium ruderale}); hedge mustard ({Sisymbrium officinale}); Mithridate mustard ({Thlaspi arvense}); tower mustard ({Arabis perfoliata}); treacle mustard ({Erysimum cheiranthoides}). [1913 Webster]

2. A powder or a paste made from the seeds of black or white mustard, used as a condiment and a rubefacient. Taken internally it is stimulant and diuretic, and in large doses is emetic. [1913 Webster]

{Mustard oil} (Chem.), a substance obtained from mustard, as a transparent, volatile and intensely pungent oil. The name is also extended to a number of analogous compounds produced either naturally or artificially. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Charlock — Char lock, n. [AS. cerlic; the latter part perh. fr. AS. le[ a]c leek. Cf. {Hemlock}.] (Bot.) A cruciferous plant ({Brassica sinapistrum}) with yellow flowers; wild mustard. It is troublesome in grain fields. Called also {chardock}, {chardlock},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • charlock — [chär′lək] n. [ME cherlok < OE cerlic] a weed (Brassica kaber) of the crucifer family, with yellow flowers …   English World dictionary

  • charlock — Harlock Har lock (h[aum]r l[o^]k), n. Probably a corruption either of {charlock} or {hardock}. Drayton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • charlock — /chahr leuhk/, n. a wild mustard, Brassica kaber, having lobed, ovate leaves and clusters of small, yellow flowers, often troublesome as a weed in grainfields. [bef. 1000; ME cherlok, OE cerlic < ?] * * * ▪ plant       (Brassica kaber, or Sinapis …   Universalium

  • charlock — garstyčia statusas T sritis augalininkystė atitikmenys: lot. Sinapis angl. charlock; mustard rus. горчица …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • charlock — noun Etymology: Middle English cherlok, from Old English cerlic Date: before 12th century an Old World mustard (Brassica kaber syn. Sinapis arvensis) that is a common weed in grain fields called also wild mustard …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • charlock — noun Any of several yellow flowered cruciferous weeds of grain fields, especially wild mustard …   Wiktionary

  • charlock — char·lock || tʃɑːlÉ’k n. wild mustard, weedy plant of the mustard family which is troublesome as a weed in grain fields (Botany) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • charlock — [ tʃα:lɒk] noun a wild mustard with yellow flowers. [Sinapis arvensis.] Origin OE cerlic, cyrlic; of unknown origin …   English new terms dictionary

  • charlock — char·lock …   English syllables

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