Illuminati Il*lu`mi*na"ti, n. pl. [L. illuminatus. See {Illuminate}, v. t., and cf. {Illuminee}.] Literally, those who are enlightened; -- variously applied as follows: [1913 Webster]

1. (Eccl.) Persons in the early church who had received baptism; in which ceremony a lighted taper was given them, as a symbol of the spiritual illumination they has received by that sacrament. [1913 Webster]

2. (Eccl. Hist.) Members of a sect which sprung up in Spain about the year 1575. Their principal doctrine was, that, by means of prayer, they had attained to so perfect a state as to have no need of ordinances, sacraments, good works, etc.; -- called also {Alumbrados}, {Perfectibilists}, etc. [1913 Webster]

3. (Mod. Hist.) Members of certain associations in Modern Europe, who combined to promote social reforms, by which they expected to raise men and society to perfection, esp. of one originated in 1776 by Adam Weishaupt, professor of canon law at Ingolstadt, which spread rapidly for a time, but ceased after a few years. [1913 Webster]

4. Also applied to: (a) An obscure sect of French Familists; (b) The Hesychasts, Mystics, and Quietists; (c) The Rosicrucians. [1913 Webster]

5. Any persons who profess special spiritual or intellectual enlightenment. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alumbrados — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Los alumbrados fueron un movimiento religioso español del siglo XVI en forma de secta mística, que fue perseguida por considerarse herética y relacionada con el protestantismo. Tuvo su origen en pequeñas ciudades del …   Wikipedia Español

  • ALUMBRADOS — Proches des Libertins spirituels, qui furent dénoncés par Calvin, les alumbrados ou illuminés, signalés en Espagne au XVIe siècle, voyaient dans les affinements de l’amour charnel la réalisation de l’amour divin, dont chacun porte l’étincelle.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alumbrados — Alumbrados,   Alombrados [spanisch »Erleuchtete«] Plural, religiöse Bewegung des 16. Jahrhunderts in Spanien. Sie strebte nach mystischer Vereinigung mit Gott und nach Reform der Kirche. Von der Inquisition schon früh (seit 1529) scharf… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Alumbrādos — (Kirchengesch.), so v.w. Alombrados …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alumbrādos — (Alombrados, »Erleuchtete«), Name einer mystischen Sekte, die sich seit 1524 mehrmals, zuletzt 1623 in Spanien, später noch in Frankreich zeigte und von Inquisition und Kirche hart verfolgt wurde …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Alumbrados — • False Spanish mystics Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ALUMBRADOS — vide Illuminati …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Alumbrados — Les Alumbrados ou Illuminés d Espagne sont un groupe de mystiques espagnols du XVIe siècle, condamnés comme hérétiques par l inquisition espagnole[1]. Sommaire 1 Les premiers Alumbrados 1.1 Condamnations …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alumbrados — The Alumbrados ( Illuminated ) was a term used to loosely describe practitioners of a mystical form of Christianity in Spain during the 15th 16th centuries. In spite of their lack of organization and their peaceful forms of expression through the …   Wikipedia

  • Alumbrados — Die Alumbrados (auch Iluminados oder Illuminati, Erleuchtete) waren eine mystische Bewegung in Spanien. Sie stellten keine einheitliche organisierte Gruppe dar, sondern traten einzeln oder in Gruppen in Erscheinung, so in Toledo 1512–1532, in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”