Extreme unction

Extreme unction
Unction Unc"tion, n. [OE. unccioun, uncioun, OF. oncion, onction, F. onction, fr. L. unctio, fr. ungere, unctum, to anoint. See {Unguent}.] 1. The act of anointing, smearing, or rubbing with an unguent, oil, or ointment, especially for medical purposes, or as a symbol of consecration; as, mercurial unction. [1913 Webster]

To be heir, and to be king By sacred unction, thy deserved right. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. That which is used for anointing; an unguent; an ointment; hence, anything soothing or lenitive. [1913 Webster]

The king himself the sacred unction made. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

Lay not that flattering unction to your soul. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. Divine or sanctifying grace. [R.] [1913 Webster]

4. That quality in language, address, or the like, which excites emotion; especially, strong devotion; religious fervor and tenderness; sometimes, a simulated, factitious, or unnatural fervor. [1913 Webster]

The delightful equivoque and unction of the passage in Farquhar. --Hazlitt. [1913 Webster]

The mention of thy glory Is unction to the breast. --Neale (Rhythm of St. Bernard). [1913 Webster]

{Extreme unction} (R. C. Ch. & Gr. Ch.), the sacrament of anointing in the last hours; the application of consecrated oil by a priest to all the senses, that is, to eyes, ears, nostrils, etc., of a person when in danger of death from illness, -- done for remission of sins. [James v. 14, 15.] [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Extreme Unction — • A sacrament to give spiritual aid and comfort and perfect spiritual health, including, if need be, the remission of sins, and also, conditionally, to restore bodily health, to Christians who are seriously ill Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Extreme unction — Extreme Ex*treme , a. [L. extremus, superl. of exter, extrus, on the outside, outward: cf. F. extr[^e]me. See {Exterior}.] 1. At the utmost point, edge, or border; outermost; utmost; farthest; most remote; at the widest limit. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • extreme unction — ► NOUN ▪ (in the Roman Catholic Church) a former name for the sacrament of anointing of the sick, especially when administered to the dying …   English terms dictionary

  • Extreme Unction — [ek′strēm] n. ANOINTING OF THE SICK …   English World dictionary

  • extreme unction — noun a Catholic sacrament; a priest anoints a dying person with oil and prays for salvation • Syn: ↑anointing of the sick, ↑last rites • Hypernyms: ↑sacrament * * * exˌtreme ˈunction 7 [extreme unction] …   Useful english dictionary

  • extreme unction — n. to administer, give extreme unction (see the Usage Note for unction) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • extreme unction — Synonyms and related words: baptism, burial service, chrism, chrismal, chrismation, chrismatory, chrisom, confirmation, deathwatch, dirge, eulogy, exequies, funeral oration, funeral rites, holy orders, last duty, last honors, last offices, last… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • extreme unction — noun Date: 15th century a sacrament in which a priest anoints and prays for the recovery and salvation of a critically ill or injured person …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • extreme unction — /ek streem, ik streem /, Rom. Cath. Ch. See anointing of the sick. [1570 80] * * * …   Universalium

  • extreme unction — noun The catholic sacrament of Anointing of the Sick …   Wiktionary

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