Integral calculus

Integral calculus
Calculus Cal"cu*lus, n.; pl. {Calculi}. [L, calculus. See {Calculate}, and {Calcule}.] 1. (Med.) Any solid concretion, formed in any part of the body, but most frequent in the organs that act as reservoirs, and in the passages connected with them; as, biliary calculi; urinary calculi, etc. [1913 Webster]

2. (Math.) A method of computation; any process of reasoning by the use of symbols; any branch of mathematics that may involve calculation. [1913 Webster]

{Barycentric calculus}, a method of treating geometry by defining a point as the center of gravity of certain other points to which co["e]fficients or weights are ascribed.

{Calculus of functions}, that branch of mathematics which treats of the forms of functions that shall satisfy given conditions.

{Calculus of operations}, that branch of mathematical logic that treats of all operations that satisfy given conditions.

{Calculus of probabilities}, the science that treats of the computation of the probabilities of events, or the application of numbers to chance.

{Calculus of variations}, a branch of mathematics in which the laws of dependence which bind the variable quantities together are themselves subject to change.

{Differential calculus}, a method of investigating mathematical questions by using the ratio of certain indefinitely small quantities called differentials. The problems are primarily of this form: to find how the change in some variable quantity alters at each instant the value of a quantity dependent upon it.

{Exponential calculus}, that part of algebra which treats of exponents.

{Imaginary calculus}, a method of investigating the relations of real or imaginary quantities by the use of the imaginary symbols and quantities of algebra.

{Integral calculus}, a method which in the reverse of the differential, the primary object of which is to learn from the known ratio of the indefinitely small changes of two or more magnitudes, the relation of the magnitudes themselves, or, in other words, from having the differential of an algebraic expression to find the expression itself. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Integral calculus — Integral In te*gral, a. [Cf. F. int[ e]gral. See {Integer}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Lacking nothing of completeness; complete; perfect; uninjured; whole; entire. [1913 Webster] A local motion keepeth bodies integral. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. Essential …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • integral calculus — ► NOUN Mathematics ▪ the part of calculus concerned with the integrals of functions …   English terms dictionary

  • integral calculus — n. the branch of higher mathematics that deals with integration and its use in finding volumes, areas, equations of curves, solutions of differential equations, etc …   English World dictionary

  • integral calculus — the branch of mathematics that deals with integrals, esp. the methods of ascertaining indefinite integrals and applying them to the solution of differential equations and the determining of areas, volumes, and lengths. [1720 30] * * * Branch of… …   Universalium

  • integral calculus — noun the part of calculus that deals with integration and its application in the solution of differential equations and in determining areas or volumes etc. • Topics: ↑mathematics, ↑math, ↑maths • Hypernyms: ↑calculus, ↑infinitesimal calculus * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • integral calculus — noun The calculus that generalizes summation to find areas, masses, volumes, sums, and totals of quantities described by continuously varying functions. See Also: integral, integration …   Wiktionary

  • integral calculus — noun Mathematics the part of calculus concerned with the integrals of functions …   English new terms dictionary

  • integral calculus — noun Date: circa 1741 a branch of mathematics concerned with the theory and applications (as in the determination of lengths, areas, and volumes and in the solution of differential equations) of integrals and integration …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • integral calculus — branch of mathematics dealing with determining methods of calculating lengths areas and volumes …   English contemporary dictionary

  • integral calculus — noun (U) technical a method of measuring the distance a moving object has moved at a particular moment, by using your knowledge of its speed until then …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

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