Inflict In*flict", v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Inflicted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Inflicting}.] [L. inflictus, p. p. of infligere to strike on, to inflict; pref. in- in, on + fligere to strike. Cf. {Flail}.] To give, cause, or produce by striking, or as if by striking; to apply forcibly; to lay or impose; to send; to cause to bear, feel, or suffer; as, to inflict blows; to inflict a wound with a dagger; to inflict severe pain by ingratitude; to inflict punishment on an offender; to inflict the penalty of death on a criminal. [1913 Webster]

What heart could wish, what hand inflict, this dire disgrace? --Drygen. [1913 Webster]

The persecution and the pain That man inflicts on all inferior kinds. --Cowper. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • inflict — I verb administer a penalty, administer punishment, agitate, agonize, apply, beset, bring about, bring upon, burden, cause, cause to suffer, coerce, commit, deal, disquiet, distress, enforce, force, force upon, give pain, harass, harm, hurt,… …   Law dictionary

  • inflict — (v.) 1560s, from L. inflictus, pp. of infligere to strike or dash against, from in on, against (see IN (Cf. in ) (2)) + fligere (pp. flictus) to dash, strike (see AFFLICT (Cf. afflict)). You inflict trouble on someone; you af …   Etymology dictionary

  • inflict — inflict, afflict Both words are concerned with the suffering of unpleasant circumstances, but they have different constructions. Inflict has the unpleasantness as object, and afflict has the victim: • He knew also that the greater part of the… …   Modern English usage

  • inflict — ► VERB (inflict on) 1) cause (something unpleasant or painful) to be suffered by. 2) impose (something unwelcome) on. DERIVATIVES infliction noun. ORIGIN Latin infligere strike against …   English terms dictionary

  • inflict — [v] impose something administer, apply, bring upon, command, deal out, deliver, dispense, exact, expose, extort, force, force upon, give, give it to*, lay down the law*, levy, mete out, require, stick it to*, strike, subject, visit, wreak;… …   New thesaurus

  • inflict — [in flikt′] vt. [< L inflictus, pp. of infligere, to strike or beat against < in , on, against + fligere, to strike < IE base * bhlīg̑ , to strike > Welsh blif, catapult] 1. to give or cause (pain, wounds, etc.) by or as by striking;… …   English World dictionary

  • inflict — 01. Our army has [inflicted] heavy casualties on the enemy. 02. She thinks that hunters should be forbidden from [inflicting] suffering upon animals for sport. 03. When parrots are caged for a long time, the boredom can drive them crazy, with the …   Grammatical examples in English

  • inflict — UK [ɪnˈflɪkt] / US verb [transitive] Word forms inflict : present tense I/you/we/they inflict he/she/it inflicts present participle inflicting past tense inflicted past participle inflicted to cause something unpleasant to happen Such a policy… …   English dictionary

  • inflict — v. (D; tr.) to inflict on (to inflict heavy losses on the enemy) * * * [ɪn flɪkt] (D;tr.) to inflict on (to inflict heavy losses on the enemy) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • inflict — in|flict [ınˈflıkt] v [Date: 1500 1600; : Latin; Origin: , past participle of infligere, from fligere to hit ] 1.) [T] to make someone suffer something unpleasant inflict sth on/upon sb ▪ The strikes inflicted serious damage on the economy. ▪… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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