Irritate Ir"ri*tate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Irritated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Irritating}.] [L. irritatus, p. p. of irritare. Of doubtful origin.] [1913 Webster] 1. To increase the action or violence of; to heighten excitement in; to intensify; to stimulate. [1913 Webster]

Cold maketh the spirits vigorous and irritateth them. --Bacon. [1913 Webster]

2. To excite anger or displeasure in; to provoke; to tease; to exasperate; to annoy; to vex; as, the insolence of a tyrant irritates his subjects. [1913 Webster]

Dismiss the man, nor irritate the god: Prevent the rage of him who reigns above. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

3. (Physiol.) To produce irritation in; to stimulate; to cause to contract. See {Irritation}, n., 2. [1913 Webster]

4. (Med.) To make morbidly excitable, or oversensitive; to fret; as, the skin is irritated by friction; to irritate a wound by a coarse bandage.

Syn: To fret; inflame; excite; provoke; tease; vex; exasperate; anger; incense; enrage.

Usage: To {Irritate}, {Provoke}, {Exasperate}. These words express different stages of excited or angry feeling. Irritate denotes an excitement of quick and slightly angry feeling which is only momentary; as, irritated by a hasty remark. To provoke implies the awakening of some open expression of decided anger; as, a provoking insult. Exasperate denotes a provoking of anger at something unendurable. Whatever comes across our feelings irritates; whatever excites anger provokes; whatever raises anger to a high point exasperates. ``Susceptible and nervous people are most easily irritated; proud people are quickly provoked; hot and fiery people are soonest exasperated.'' --Crabb. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • irritated — adjective aroused to impatience or anger made an irritated gesture feeling nettled from the constant teasing peeved about being left out felt really pissed at her snootiness riled no end by his lies roiled by the delay • Syn …   Useful english dictionary

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