Martial Mar"tial, a. [F., fr. L. martialis of or belonging to Mars, the god of war. Cf. {March} the month.] [1913 Webster] 1. Of, pertaining to, or suited for, war; military; as, martial music; a martial appearance. ``Martial equipage.'' --Milton. [1913 Webster]

2. Practiced in, or inclined to, war; warlike; brave. [1913 Webster]

But peaceful kings, o'er martial people set, Each other's poise and counterbalance are. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

3. Belonging to war, or to an army and navy; -- opposed to {civil}; as, martial law; a court-martial. [1913 Webster]

4. Pertaining to, or resembling, the god, or the planet, Mars. --Sir T. Browne. [1913 Webster]

5. (Old Chem. & Old Med.) Pertaining to, or containing, iron; chalybeate; as, martial preparations. [Archaic] [1913 Webster]

{Martial flowers} (Med.), a reddish crystalline salt of iron; the ammonio-chloride of iron. [Obs.]

{Martial law}, the law administered by the military power of a government when it has superseded the civil authority in time of war, or when the civil authorities are unable to enforce the laws. It is distinguished from military law, the latter being the code of rules for the regulation of the army and navy alone, either in peace or in war. [1913 Webster]

Syn: {Martial}, {Warlike}.

Usage: Martial refers more to war in action, its array, its attendants, etc.; as, martial music, a martial appearance, a martial array, courts-martial, etc. Warlike describes the feeling or temper which leads to war, and the adjuncts of war; as, a warlike nation, warlike indication, etc. The two words are often used without discrimination. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • MARTIAL — MARCUS VALERIUS (40? ? 104) C’est dans une petite ville de Tarraconaise, Bilbilis (aujourd’hui Bambola) près de Catalayud, que Marcus Valerius Martialis voit le jour. Ses parents devaient être aisés, puisqu’il put recevoir une bonne éducation.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • marţial — MARŢIÁL, Ă, marţiali, e, adj. 1. (livr.), Solemn şi grav; impunător. 2. Ostăşesc, militar; de război. ♢ Curte marţială = tribunal militar instituit în timp de război, de mobilizare sau în timpul unei stări excepţionale. Lege marţială = lege care… …   Dicționar Român

  • martial — martial, warlike, military carry as their basic meaning belonging to, suitable to, or characteristic of war. Martial distinctively implies reference to war in general and to its essential and fundamental characteristics; it often specifically… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • martial — [mär′shəl] adj. [ME martialle < L martialis, of Mars] 1. of or suitable for war [martial songs] 2. showing a readiness or eagerness to fight; warlike 3. of the army, the navy, or military life; military martialism n. martialist n. martially… …   English World dictionary

  • martial — martial, ale (mar si al, a l ) adj. 1°   Digne de Mars, guerrier. Un air martial. Une tenue martiale.    Cour martiale, sorte de tribunal militaire.    Loi martiale, loi qui autorise l emploi de la force armée dans certains cas. La loi martiale a …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • MARTIAL° — (M. Valerius Martialis; c. 40–104 C.E.), Roman epigrammatist. Martial ridiculed the Jewish rite of circumcision (Epigrammaton, 7:55) and speaks mockingly of women who fast on the Sabbath (ibid., 4:4). In common with other classical writers (e.g …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Martial — Martial,   eigentlich Marcus Valerius Martialis, römischer Dichter, * Bílbilis (bei Calatayud, Spanien) um 40, ✝ bald nach 100; lebte etwa 64 98 in Rom als Literat. Erhalten sind von ihm zwölf Bücher »Epigrammata«, meist in Distichen, dazu eine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • martial — (adj.) late 14c., warlike, from L. martialis of Mars or war, from Mars (gen. Martis), Roman god of war; see MARS (Cf. Mars). Related: Martially. Martial law, military rule over civilians, first recorded 1530s …   Etymology dictionary

  • martial — Martial, m. acut. C est qui appartient à Mars presidant au fait des armes, ou digne de Mars, ou qui resemble à Mars, comme, Courage Martial, c. Magnanime et plein de valeur. C est aussi le nom propre d un homme, Martialis …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • martial — Martial, [marti]ale. adj. Guerrier. Courage Martial. humeur Martiale. fureur Martiale …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

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