Multiplication Mul`ti*pli*ca"tion, n. [L. multiplicatio: cf. F. multiplication. See {Multiply}.] 1. The act or process of multiplying, or of increasing in number; the state of being multiplied; as, the multiplication of the human species by natural generation. [1913 Webster]

The increase and multiplication of the world. --Thackeray. [1913 Webster]

2. (Math.) The process of repeating, or adding to itself, any given number or quantity a certain number of times; commonly, the process of ascertaining by a briefer computation the result of such repeated additions; also, the rule by which the operation is performed; -- the reverse of division. [1913 Webster]

Note: The word multiplication is sometimes used in mathematics, particularly in multiple algebra, to denote any distributive operation expressed by one symbol upon any quantity or any thing expressed by another symbol. Corresponding extensions of meaning are given to the words multiply, multiplier, multiplicand, and product. Thus, since [phi](x + y) = [phi]x + [phi]y (see under {Distributive}), where [phi](x + y), [phi]x, and [phi]y indicate the results of any distributive operation represented by the symbol [phi] upon x + y, x, and y, severally, then because of many very useful analogies [phi](x + y) is called the product of [phi] and x + y, and the operation indicated by [phi] is called multiplication. Cf. {Facient}, n., 2. [1913 Webster]

3. (Bot.) An increase above the normal number of parts, especially of petals; augmentation. [1913 Webster]

4. The art of increasing gold or silver by magic, -- attributed formerly to the alchemists. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

{Multiplication table}, a table giving the product of a set of numbers multiplied in some regular way; commonly, a table giving the products of the first ten or twelve numbers multiplied successively by 1, 2, 3, etc., up to 10 or 12. Called also a {times table}, used by students in elementary school prior to memorization of the table. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • multiplication — [ myltiplikasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIIIe arithm.; bas lat. multiplicatio 1 ♦ (1370) Augmentation importante en nombre. ⇒ accroissement, augmentation, prolifération, pullulement. Le miracle de la multiplication des pains. « La multiplication des ouvrages… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • multiplication — Multiplication. s. f. Augmentation en nombre. La multiplication des estres. multiplication des especes. la multiplication des hommes. ce Chimiste dit qu il a la multiplication, & que d une once d or il en fait trois. la multiplication des cinq… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • multiplication — UK US /ˌmʌltɪplɪˈkeɪʃən/ noun [U] ► a large increase in number: the multiplication of sth »The multiplication of TV channels has inevitably led to more fragmented viewing. ► the mathematical process of adding one number to another a particular… …   Financial and business terms

  • multiplication — (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. multiplicacion (12c.) multiplication, duplication; multiplicity, diversity, from L. multiplicationem (nom. multiplicatio), noun of action from pp. stem of multiplicare (see MULTIPLY (Cf. multiply)). Mathematical sense is …   Etymology dictionary

  • multiplication — [mul΄tə pli kā′shən] n. [ME multiplicacioun < OFr multiplication < L multiplicatio] 1. a multiplying or being multiplied 2. Math. the process of finding the number or quantity ( product) obtained by repeated additions of a specified number… …   English World dictionary

  • Multiplication — (v. lat.), 1) Vermehrung; 2) die Rechnungsart des Multiplicirens, s.d.; 3) M. der Winkelmessung (Repetition der Winkelmessung), die in der Astronomie u. Geodäsie öfter nach einander vorgenommene Messung eines u. desselben Verticals od.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Multiplication — Multiplication, Vervielfachung, ist eine arithmetische Operation, eine gegebene Zahl so oft setzen und addiren, als eine andere gegebene Zahl Einheiten hat. Die beiden gegebenen Zahlen heißen Factoren, die eine, die vervielfacht werden soll,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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  • multiplication — ► NOUN 1) the process of multiplying. 2) Mathematics the process of combining matrices, vectors, or other quantities under specific rules to obtain their product …   English terms dictionary

  • Multiplication — Multiply redirects here. For other uses, see Multiplication (disambiguation). For methods of computing products, including those of very large numbers, see Multiplication algorithm. Four bags of three marbles gives twelve marbles. There are also… …   Wikipedia

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