Orchestra Or"ches*tra, n. [L. orchestra, Gr. ?, orig., the place for the chorus of dancers, from ? to dance: cf. F. orchestre.] 1. The space in a theater between the stage and the audience; -- originally appropriated by the Greeks to the chorus and its evolutions, afterward by the Romans to persons of distinction, and by the moderns to a band of instrumental musicians. Now commonly called {orchestra pit}, to distinguish it from the section of the main floor occupied by spectators. [1913 Webster +PJC]

2. The space in the main floor of a theater in which the audience sits; also, the forward spectator section of the main floor, in distinction from the {parterre}, which is the rear section of the main floor. [PJC]

3. The place in any public hall appropriated to a band of instrumental musicians. [1913 Webster]

4. (Mus.) (a) Loosely: A band of instrumental musicians performing in a theater, concert hall, or other place of public amusement. (b) Strictly: A band suitable for the performance of symphonies, overtures, etc., as well as for the accompaniment of operas, oratorios, cantatas, masses, and the like, or of vocal and instrumental solos. (c) A band composed, for the largest part, of players of the various viol instruments, many of each kind, together with a proper complement of wind instruments of wood and brass; -- as distinguished from a military or street band of players on wind instruments, and from an assemblage of solo players for the rendering of concerted pieces, such as septets, octets, and the like. [1913 Webster]

5. (Mus.) The instruments employed by a full band, collectively; as, an orchestra of forty stringed instruments, with proper complement of wind instruments. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР
(as in a theatre) / (in an orchestra)

Look at other dictionaries:

  • orchestră — ORCHÉSTRĂ, orchestre, s.f. 1. Colectiv de instrumentişti care execută împreună compoziţii muzicale la diverse instrumente. ♦ Ansamblul instrumentelor muzicale la care cântă membrii acestui colectiv. 2. Parte a unei săli de spectacol destinată… …   Dicționar Român

  • ORCHESTRA — pars Theatri, quarum 4. fuêre, erat, in qua Senatores considebant spectaturi, depressior pulpitô, sicut pulpitô altior erat Scena. Licet enim in principio promiscue spectaverit cum plebe Senatus nullô habitô discrimine, iuvandae concordiae… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • orchestra — ORCHESTRÁ, orchestrez, vb. I. tranz. A aranja o bucată muzicală pentru a putea fi executată de orchestră. – Din fr. orchestrer. Trimis de RACAI, 21.10.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  ORCHESTRÁ vb. (muz.) a instrumenta. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa:… …   Dicționar Român

  • orchestra — or orchestra pit [ôr′kis trə, ôr′kes΄trə] n. [L < Gr orchēstra < orcheisthai, to dance < IE base * ergh , extension of base * er , swift movement, a raising > Sans * ṛghāyati, (he) rages, Ger arg, bad] 1. in ancient Greek theaters,… …   English World dictionary

  • Orchestra — bezeichnet in der griechischen Antike eine angelegte Fläche für kultische Tänze und Gesänge. Siehe Orchestra (Kunst) eine für Symphony OS entwickelte RAD Umgebung. ein durch die EU Kommission gefördertes Forschungsprojekt zur Schaffung einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • orchestra — ► NOUN 1) (treated as sing. or pl. ) a large group of musicians with string, woodwind, brass, and percussion sections. 2) (also orchestra pit) the part of a theatre where the orchestra plays, typically in front of the stage and on a lower level.… …   English terms dictionary

  • orchestra — /or kɛstra/ s.f. [dal gr. orkhḗstra (lat. orchestra ), der. di orkhéomai danzare ]. 1. (teatr.) [nel teatro moderno, parte anteriore della platea, sotto il palcoscenico, riservata ai suonatori] ▶◀ golfo mistico. 2. (estens.) [insieme di… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • orchestra — (n.) c.1600, area in an ancient theater for the chorus, from L. orchestra, from Gk. orkhestra, semicircular space where the chorus of dancers performed, with suffix tra denoting place + orkheisthai to dance, intensive of erkhesthai to go, come,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Orchestra — (gr.), der mittlere Theil des Griechischen Theaters, wo der Chor agirte, zwischen den Sitzreihen u. der Skene; s.u. Theater …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • orchestra — [n] symphony band, ensemble, group, sinfonietta; concept 294 …   New thesaurus

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