Basidiomycota Ba*sid`i*o*my*co"ta, n. pl. (Bot.) [NL., fr. NL. & E. basidium + Gr. ?, ?, fungus.] (Bot.) A large subdivision of the kingdom Fungi coextensive with the phylum Basidiomycetes, characterized by having the spores borne on a basidium. It embraces those fungi best known to the public, such as mushrooms, toadstools, etc. Among the classes of the Basidiomycota are: Gasteromycetes (puffballs); Tiliomycetes (comprising the orders {Ustilaginales} (smuts) and {Uredinales} (rusts)); and Hymenomycetes (mushrooms; toadstools; agarics; bracket fungi).

Note: In the 1913 Webster, the Basidiomycetes were defined as "co["o]rdinate with the Ascomycetes", and other fungal phyla (the Zygomycota and Deuteromycota) were not mentioned.

Syn: Basidiomycota, subdivision Basidiomycota, subdivision Basidiomycotina. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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