Vigil Vig"il, n. [OE. vigile, L. vigilia, from vigil awake, watchful, probably akin to E. wake: cf. F. vigile. See {Wake}, v. i., and cf. {Reveille}, {Surveillance}, {Vedette}, {Vegetable}, {Vigor}.] 1. Abstinence from sleep, whether at a time when sleep is customary or not; the act of keeping awake, or the state of being awake, or the state of being awake; sleeplessness; wakefulness; watch. ``Worn out by the labors and vigils of many months.'' --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

Nothing wears out a fine face like the vigils of the card table and those cutting passions which attend them. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

2. Hence, devotional watching; waking for prayer, or other religious exercises. [1913 Webster]

So they in heaven their odes and vigils tuned. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

Be sober and keep vigil, The Judge is at the gate. --Neale (Rhythm of St. Bernard). [1913 Webster]

3. (Eccl.) (a) Originally, the watch kept on the night before a feast. (b) Later, the day and the night preceding a feast. [1913 Webster]

He that shall live this day, and see old age, Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbors, And say, ``To-morrow is St. Crispian.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster] (c) A religious service performed in the evening preceding a feast. [1913 Webster]

{Vigils of flowers} or {Watchings of flowers} (Bot.), a peculiar faculty belonging to the flowers of certain plants of opening and closing their petals at certain hours of the day. [R.] [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Vigil — (von lateinisch vigilare: wachen), Plural Vigilien und Vigiles, ist: In liturgischer Hinsicht: ein Teil des monastischen Stundengebets, der in der Nacht bzw. den frühen Morgenstunden gebetet wird. Siehe: Matutin bzw. auch Mette. eine „Nachtwache“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • vigil — ● vigil, vigile adjectif (latin vigil, éveillé) Se dit de ce qui survient à l état de veille. ● vigil, vigile (expressions) adjectif (latin vigil, éveillé) Coma vigil, coma au stade 1. ● vigil, vigile (homonymes) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • vigil — vigíl adj. m., pl. vigíli; f. sg. vigílă, pl. vigíle Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  VIGÍL, Ă adj. (Liv.) Care veghează; atent, deştept, treaz. // s.m. (Ant.) Membru al gărzii instituite î …   Dicționar Român

  • vigil — early 13c., eve of a religious festival (an occasion for devotional watching or observance), from Anglo Fr. and O.Fr. vigile, from L. vigilia watch, watchfulness, from vigil watchful, awake, from PIE *wog /*weg be lively or active, be strong (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • vígil — adj. 2 g. 1. Que vela ou que vigia. = VIGILANTE 2. Que está acordado. 3.  [Medicina, Psicologia] Relativo a vigília ou a vigilância (ex.: estado vígil). • Plural: vígeis.   ‣ Etimologia: latim vigil, ilis …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • VIGIL — an quia visu agilis; anex Graeco ἀγαλλὸς, ab ἀγαλλιάω, a. in i. mutatô, Scalig. ad Varron. dictus est. Eorum olim Romae familia publica fuit, quae incendia restingueret. Seneca, Ep. 64. Intervenerunt quidam amici, propter quos maior fumus fieret …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • vigil — [vij′əl] n. [ME vigile < OFr < L vigilia, a watch < vigil, awake < vegere, to arouse: see WAKE1] 1. a) a purposeful or watchful staying awake during the usual hours of sleep b) a watch kept, or the period of this 2. Eccles. the… …   English World dictionary

  • vigil — index notice (heed), precaution, surveillance Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • vigil — [n] watch attention, awareness, duty, eagle eye*, guard, lookout, monitoring, nightwatch, notice, observance, observation, patrol, stakeout, surveillance, vigilance, watchfulness; concepts 134,623 …   New thesaurus

  • vigil — ► NOUN ▪ a period of staying awake during the time usually spent asleep, especially to keep watch or pray. ORIGIN from Latin, awake …   English terms dictionary

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