Livery Liv"er*y, n.; pl. {Liveries}. [OE. livere, F. livr['e]e, formerly, a gift of clothes made by the master to his servants, prop., a thing delivered, fr. livrer to deliver, L. liberare to set free, in LL., to deliver up. See {Liberate}.] 1. (Eng. Law) (a) The act of delivering possession of lands or tenements. (b) The writ by which possession is obtained. [1913 Webster]

Note: It is usual to say, {livery of seizin}, which is a feudal investiture, made by the delivery of a turf, of a rod, a twig, or a key from the feoffor to the feoffee as a symbol of delivery of the whole property. There was a distinction of {livery in deed} when this ceremony was performed on the property being transferred, and {livery in law} when performed in sight of the property, but not on it. In the United States, and now in Great Britain, no such ceremony is necessary, the delivery of a deed being sufficient as a livery of seizin, regardless of where performed. --Black's 4th Ed. [1913 Webster +PJC]

2. Release from wardship; deliverance. [1913 Webster]

It concerned them first to sue out their livery from the unjust wardship of his encroaching prerogative. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

3. That which is delivered out statedly or formally, as clothing, food, etc.; especially: (a) The uniform clothing issued by feudal superiors to their retainers and serving as a badge when in military service. (b) The peculiar dress by which the servants of a nobleman or gentleman are distinguished; as, a claret-colored livery. (c) Hence, also, the peculiar dress or garb appropriated by any association or body of persons to their own use; as, the livery of the London tradesmen, of a priest, of a charity school, etc.; also, the whole body or company of persons wearing such a garb, and entitled to the privileges of the association; as, the whole livery of London. [1913 Webster]

A Haberdasher and a Carpenter, A Webbe, a Dyer, and a Tapicer, And they were clothed all in one livery Of a solempne and a gret fraternite. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

From the periodical deliveries of these characteristic articles of servile costume (blue coats) came our word livery. --De Quincey. (d) Hence, any characteristic dress or outward appearance. `` April's livery.'' --Sir P. Sidney. [1913 Webster]

Now came still evening on, and twilight gray Had in her sober livery all things clad. --Milton. (e) An allowance of food statedly given out; a ration, as to a family, to servants, to horses, etc. [1913 Webster]

The emperor's officers every night went through the town from house to house whereat any English gentleman did repast or lodge, and served their liveries for all night: first, the officers brought into the house a cast of fine manchet [white bread], and of silver two great pots, and white wine, and sugar. --Cavendish. (f) The feeding, stabling, and care of horses for compensation; boarding; as, to keep one's horses at livery. [1913 Webster]

What livery is, we by common use in England know well enough, namely, that is, allowance of horse meat, as to keep horses at livery, the which word, I guess, is derived of livering or delivering forth their nightly food. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

It need hardly be observed that the explanation of livery which Spenser offers is perfectly correct, but . . . it is no longer applied to the ration or stated portion of food delivered at stated periods. --Trench. (g) The keeping of horses in readiness to be hired temporarily for riding or driving; the state of being so kept; also, the place where horses are so kept, also called a {livery stable}. [1913 Webster]

Pegasus does not stand at livery even at the largest establishment in Moorfields. --Lowell. [1913 Webster]

4. A low grade of wool. [1913 Webster]

{Livery gown}, the gown worn by a liveryman in London. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • liveries — liv·er·y || lɪvÉ™rɪ n. uniform of a footman or other male servant; unique and distinctive clothing worn by a member of a group or guild; boarding and care of horses for pay, livery stable adj. suffering from a liver disorder; resembling… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • British Rail corporate liveries — The history of British Rail s corporate liveries is quite complex. Although from the 1960s to the 1980s the company was associated with Rail Blue , a number of other schemes were also used, especially when the company was sectorised in the 1980s …   Wikipedia

  • Court of Wards and Liveries — Cecil presiding over the Court of Wards The Court of Wards and Liveries was a court established during the reign of Henry VIII in England. Its purpose was to administer a system of feudal dues; but as well as the revenue collection, the court was …   Wikipedia

  • Court of Wards and Liveries — Der Court of Wards and Liveries war im England des 16. und 17. Jahrhundert eine Finanzbehörde zur Verwaltung von Kronlehen, deren Lehnserben unmündig waren, sowie zur Investitur von Neubelehnten. Es wurde durch zwei Statuten König Heinrichs VIII …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Formula One sponsorship liveries — have been used since the late 1960s, replacing the previously used national colours. With sponsors becoming more important with the rising costs in Formula One, many teams wanted to be able to display the logos of their sponsors as clearly as… …   Wikipedia

  • Court of Wards and Liveries — A court of record, established in England in the reign of Henry VIII. For the survey and management of the valuable fruits of tenure, a court of record was created by St. 32 Hen. VIII, c. 46, called the Court of the King s Wards. To this was… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Court of Wards and Liveries — A court of record, established in England in the reign of Henry VIII. For the survey and management of the valuable fruits of tenure, a court of record was created by St. 32 Hen. VIII, c. 46, called the Court of the King s Wards. To this was… …   Black's law dictionary

  • British Airways ethnic liveries — In 1997 British Airways adopted a new livery. One part of this was a newly stylised version of the British Airways Speedbird logo, but the major change was the introduction of tail fin art. Also known as the Utopia or world art tailfins, they… …   Wikipedia

  • Airline liveries and logos — Airlines, like any branded service, utilise logos and colour schemes on their aircraft (liveries) to provide distinctivenss and solidify its identity. Birds and winged legendary creatures, often styalised, and streamlined patterns, are commonly… …   Wikipedia

  • wards and liveries — In English law, the title of a court of record, established in the reign of Henry VIII. Such was abolished in 1660. See Court of Wards and Liveries …   Black's law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”