wood spirit

wood spirit
Methyl Meth"yl, n. [See {Methylene}.] (Chem.) A univalent hydrocarbon radical, {CH3-}, not existing alone but regarded as an essential residue of methane, and appearing as a component part of many derivatives; as, methyl alcohol, methyl ether, methyl amine, etc. [Formerly written also {methule}, {methyle}, etc.] [1913 Webster]

{Methyl alcohol} (Chem.), a light, volatile, inflammable liquid, {CH3.OH}, obtained by the distillation of wood, and hence called {wood alcohol} or {wood spirit}; tecnically referred to as {methanol}; -- called also {methol}, {carbinol}, etc.

{Methyl amine} (Chem.), a colorless, inflammable, alkaline gas, {CH3.NH2}, having an ammoniacal, fishy odor. It is produced artificially, and also occurs naturally in herring brine and other fishy products. It is regarded as ammonia in which a third of its hydrogen is replaced by methyl, and is a type of the class of substituted ammonias.

{Methyl ether} (Chem.), a light, volatile ether {CH3.O.CH3}, obtained by the etherification of methyl alcohol; -- called also {methyl oxide} or {dimethyl ether}.

{Methyl green}. (Chem.) See under {Green}, n.

{Methyl orange}. (Chem.) See {Helianthin}.

{Methyl violet} (Chem.), an artificial dye, consisting of certain methyl halogen derivatives of rosaniline. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Wood spirit — Wood Wood, n. [OE. wode, wude, AS. wudu, wiodu; akin to OHG. witu, Icel. vi?r, Dan. & Sw. ved wood, and probably to Ir. & Gael. fiodh, W. gwydd trees, shrubs.] [1913 Webster] 1. A large and thick collection of trees; a forest or grove; frequently …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wood spirit — n. METHANOL …   English World dictionary

  • wood spirit — Alcohol Al co*hol ([a^]l k[ o]*h[o^]l), n. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wood spirit — metanolis statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃OH atitikmenys: angl. carbinol; colonial spirit; methanol; methyl alcohol; wood alcohol; wood spirit rus. древесный спирт; карбинол; метанол; метиловый спирт ryšiai: sinonimas – metilo alkoholis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • wood spirit — metilo alkoholis statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Vienas iš monohidroksilių alkoholių (CH₃OH) – bespalvis, degus skystis, reaguojantis su šarminiais metalais. Oksiduojasi, katalizatorių veikiamas atskelia vandenilį. Iš kvapo… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • wood spirit — wood′ spir it n. chem. methyl alcohol • Etymology: 1835–45 …   From formal English to slang

  • wood-spirit — n. Pyroxylic acid, pyroxylic spirit, wood naphtha, methylic alcohol, pyroligneous spirit …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • wood spirit — noun a) A dryad or other spiritual being associated to forests, woods, or trees. b) Methanol, a type of alcohol. Syn: dryad, methanol …   Wiktionary

  • wood spirit — /ˈwʊd spɪrət/ (say wood spiruht) noun 1. Also, wood alcohol. → methyl alcohol. 2. a supernatural being supposedly inhabiting woods …  

  • wood spirit — methyl alcohol, methanol, wood alcohol; supernatural being having no body or form believed to live in the forest …   English contemporary dictionary

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