Chasten Chas"ten (ch[=a]"s'n), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Chastened} (-s'nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Chastening}.] [OE. chastien, OF. Chastier, F. Ch?tier, fr. L. castigare to punish, chastise; castus pure + agere to lead, drive. See {Chaste}, {Act}, and cf. {Castigate}, {Chastise}.] 1. To correct by punishment; to inflict pain upon the purpose of reclaiming; to discipline; as, to chasten a son with a rod. [1913 Webster]

For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth. --Heb. xii. 6. [1913 Webster]

2. To purify from errors or faults; to refine. [1913 Webster]

They [classics] chasten and enlarge the mind, and excite to noble actions. --Layard.

Syn: To chastise; punish; correct; discipline; castigate; afflict; subdue; purify.

Usage: To {Chasten}, {Punish}, {Chastise}. To chasten is to subject to affliction or trouble, in order to produce a general change for the better in life or character. To punish is to inflict penalty for violation of law, disobedience to authority, or intentional wrongdoing. To chastise is to punish a particular offense, as with stripes, especially with the hope that suffering or disgrace may prevent a repetition of faults. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • chasten — (v.) 1520s, from obsolete verb chaste to correct (someone s) behavior (M.E. chastien, c.1200), from O.Fr. chastiier to punish (see CHASTIZE (Cf. chastize)) …   Etymology dictionary

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  • chasten — UK [ˈtʃeɪs(ə)n] / US verb [transitive, usually passive] Word forms chasten : present tense I/you/we/they chasten he/she/it chastens present participle chastening past tense chastened past participle chastened formal to make someone feel ashamed… …   English dictionary

  • chasten — transitive verb (chastened; chastening) Etymology: alteration of obsolete English chaste to chasten, from Middle English, from Anglo French chastier, from Latin castigare, from castus + igare (from agere to drive) more at act Date: 13th century 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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