Stigma Stig"ma, n.; pl. E. {Stigmas}, L. {Stigmata}. [L., a mark, a brand, from Gr. ?, ?, the prick or mark of a pointed instrument, a spot, mark, from ? to prick, to brand. See {Stick}, v. t.] 1. A mark made with a burning iron; a brand. [1913 Webster]

2. Any mark of infamy or disgrace; sign of moral blemish; stain or reproach caused by dishonorable conduct; reproachful characterization. [1913 Webster]

The blackest stigma that can be fastened upon him. --Bp. Hall. [1913 Webster]

All such slaughters were from thence called Bartelmies, simply in a perpetual stigma of that butchery. --Sir G. Buck. [1913 Webster]

3. (Bot.) That part of a pistil which has no epidermis, and is fitted to receive the pollen. It is usually the terminal portion, and is commonly somewhat glutinous or viscid. See Illust. of {Stamen} and of {Flower}. [1913 Webster]

4. (Anat.) A small spot, mark, scar, or a minute hole; -- applied especially to a spot on the outer surface of a Graafian follicle, and to spots of intercellular substance in scaly epithelium, or to minute holes in such spots. [1913 Webster]

5. (Pathol.) A red speck upon the skin, produced either by the extravasation of blood, as in the bloody sweat characteristic of certain varieties of religious ecstasy, or by capillary congestion, as in the case of drunkards. [1913 Webster]

6. (Zo["o]l.) (a) One of the external openings of the trache[ae] of insects, myriapods, and other arthropods; a spiracle. (b) One of the apertures of the pulmonary sacs of arachnids. See Illust. of {Scorpion}. (c) One of the apertures of the gill of an ascidian, and of Amphioxus. [1913 Webster]

7. (Geom.) A point so connected by any law whatever with another point, called an index, that as the index moves in any manner in a plane the first point or stigma moves in a determinate way in the same plane. [1913 Webster]

8. pl. (R. C. Ch.) Marks believed to have been supernaturally impressed upon the bodies of certain persons in imitation of the wounds on the crucified body of Christ. See def. 5, above. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Stigma — (plural: stigmata) may refer to:In biology:* Stigma (anatomy), a small spot, mark, scar, or minute hole * In a flower , the stigma is the terminal portion of the gynoecium that has no epidermis and is meant to receive pollen. * The eyespot… …   Wikipedia

  • stigmă — STÍGMĂ, stigme, sf. (biol.) Organit fotosensibil al flagelatelor, în formă de pată roşie lângă corpusculul bazal, care serveşte la orientarea (orienta) animalului spre lumina cea mai potrivită. – Din lat., fr. stigma. Trimis de claudia,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Stigma — Sn Mal, entehrendes Kennzeichen per. Wortschatz fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus gr. stígma, eigentlich Stich, Punkt , zu gr. stízein stechen, einstechen . Verb: stigmatisieren.    Ebenso nndl. stigma, ne. stigma, nfrz. stigmate, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • stigma — stigma, brand, blot, stain can denote a mark of shame left on a name, reputation, or character. Stigma, though often implying dishonor or public shame, usually applies to a mark or a charge or judgment that is fastened upon a person or thing or… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • stigma — ● stigma nom masculin (grec stigma, piqûre) Corpuscule imprégné de carotène situé à la base du flagelle chez certains protistes, probablement sensible à la lumière. stigma [stigma] n. m. ÉTYM. 1964; mot grec, « piqûre ». ❖ ♦ Biol. Élément… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • stigma — / stigma/ (o stimma) s.m. [dal lat. stigma ătis marchio, macchia, punto, puntura , gr. stígma atos ] (pl. i ). 1. (zool.) [ciascuna delle aperture laterali del corpo degli insetti, mediante le quali avviene la respirazione] ▶◀ spiracolo. 2. a.… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Stigma — statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. eve spot; stigma vok. Augenfleck, m; Stigma, m rus. стигма, f pranc. stigma, m; tache colorée, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • stigma — statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. eve spot; stigma vok. Augenfleck, m; Stigma, m rus. стигма, f pranc. stigma, m; tache colorée, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • stigma — 1590s, mark made on skin by burning with a hot iron, from L. stigma (pl. stigmata), from Gk. stigma (gen. stigmatos) mark, puncture, especially one made by a pointed instrument, from root of stizein to mark, tattoo, from PIE *st(e)ig (see STICK… …   Etymology dictionary

  • stigma — stȉgma ž <G mn stȋgmā> DEFINICIJA 1. pov. a. žig utisnut užarenim željezom na tijelo roba ili zločinca b. pren. znak sramote i beščašća 2. term. neka upadljiva anatomska ili fiziološka pojedinost 3. bot. dio cvijeta: njuška tučka što… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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