tissue culture

tissue culture
Culture Cul"ture (k?l"t?r; 135), n. [F. culture, L. cultura, fr. colere to till, cultivate; of uncertain origin. Cf. {Colony}.] 1. The act or practice of cultivating, or of preparing the earth for seed and raising crops by tillage; as, the culture of the soil. [1913 Webster]

2. The act of, or any labor or means employed for, training, disciplining, or refining the moral and intellectual nature of man; as, the culture of the mind. [1913 Webster]

If vain our toil We ought to blame the culture, not the soil. --Pepe. [1913 Webster]

3. The state of being cultivated; result of cultivation; physical improvement; enlightenment and discipline acquired by mental and moral training; civilization; refinement in manners and taste. [1913 Webster]

What the Greeks expressed by their paidei`a, the Romans by their humanitas, we less happily try to express by the more artificial word culture. --J. C. Shairp. [1913 Webster]

The list of all the items of the general life of a people represents that whole which we call its culture. --Tylor. [1913 Webster]

4. (Biol.) (a) The cultivation of bacteria or other organisms (such as fungi or eukaryotic cells from mulitcellular organisms) in artificial media or under artificial conditions. (b) The collection of organisms resulting from such a cultivation.

Note: The growth of cells obtained from multicellular animals or plants in artificial media is called {tissue culture}. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Note: The word is used adjectively with the above senses in many phrases, such as: culture medium, any one of the various mixtures of gelatin, meat extracts, etc., in which organisms cultivated; culture flask, culture oven, culture tube, gelatin culture, plate culture, etc. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

5. (Cartography) Those details of a map, collectively, which do not represent natural features of the area delineated, as names and the symbols for towns, roads, houses, bridges, meridians, and parallels. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Culture fluid}, {Culture medium} a fluid in which microscopic organisms are made to develop, either for purposes of study or as a means of modifying their virulence. If the fluid is gelled by, for example, the use of agar, it then is called, depending on the vessel in which the gelled medium is contained, a plate, a slant, or a stab. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tissue culture — is the growth of tissues and/or cells separate from the organism. This is typically facilitated via use of a liquid, semi solid, or solid growth media, such as broth or agar. Tissue culture commonly refers to the culture of animal cells and… …   Wikipedia

  • tissue culture — n the process or technique of making body tissue grow in a culture medium outside the organism also a culture of tissue (as epithelium) * * * the culture of living tissues, removed from the body, in a suitable medium supplied with nutrients and… …   Medical dictionary

  • tissue culture — n. 1. the process or technique of growing tissue artificially in a special, sterile culture medium 2. the tissue thus grown …   English World dictionary

  • tissue culture — tissue culture. См. эксплантация. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • tissue culture — 1. the technique of cultivating living tissue in a prepared medium outside the body. 2. the tissue so cultivated. [1920 25] * * * Biological research method in which tissue fragments (a cell, a population of cells, or all or part of an organ) are …   Universalium

  • tissue culture — noun a) the process or technique of propagating tissue (either cells or plants) in a culture medium b) the culture of tissue grown by this process See Also: plant tissue culture …   Wiktionary

  • tissue culture — audinių kultūra statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Augalo ląstelės, audiniai ar organai, auginami aseptinėmis sąlygomis maitinamosios terpės mėgintuvėlyje (in vitro). atitikmenys: angl. explantation; tissue culture rus. культура тканей;… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • tissue culture — noun : the act, process, or technique of making body tissue grow in a culture medium outside of the organism; also : a culture of tissue (as fibrous tissue or epithelium) …   Useful english dictionary

  • tissue culture — noun Date: 1912 the process or technique of making body tissue grow in a culture medium outside the organism; also a culture of tissue (as epithelium) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • tissue culture — the culture of living tissues, removed from the body, in a suitable medium supplied with nutrients and oxygen. Tissue engineering, in which skin, cartilage, and other connective tissue cells are cultured on a fibronectin ‘mat’ to create new… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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