aeroplane aer"*o*plane` aeroplane a"["e]r*o*plane`, n. [a["e]ro- + plane.] (A["e]ronautics) 1. A light rigid plane used in a["e]rial navigation to oppose sudden upward or downward movement in the air, as in gliding machines; specif., such a plane slightly inclined and driven forward as a lifting device in some flying machines. Also called {airfoil}. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

2. hence, a heavier-than-air flying machine using such a device to provide lift. In a modern aeroplane, the airfoils are called the {wings}, and most of the lift is derived from these surfaces. In contrast to helicopters, the wings are fixed to the passenger compartment (airframe) and do not move relative to the frame; thus such a machine is called a {fixed-wing aircraft}. These machines are called monoplanes, biplanes, triplanes, or quadruplanes, according to the number of main supporting planes (wings) used in their construction. After 1940 few planes with more than one airfoil were constructed, and these are used by hobbyists or for special purposes. Being heavier than air they depend for their levitation on motion imparted by the thrust from either propellers driven by an engine, or, in a jet plane, by the reaction from a high-velocity stream of gases expelled rearward from a jet engine. They start from the ground by a run on small wheels or runners, and are guided by a steering apparatus consisting of horizontal and vertical movable planes, which usually form part of the wings or tail. There are many varieties of form and construction, which in some cases are known by the names of their inventors. In U.S., an aeroplane is usually called an {airplane} or {plane}. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • aéroplane — [ aerɔplan ] n. m. • 1855, répandu v. 1885; de aéro et du rad. de planer ♦ Vx ou plaisant Avion. « Un aéroplane monté par des hommes qui veillaient sur Paris » (Proust). ● aéroplane nom masculin Synonyme ancien de avion. ● aéroplane (difficultés) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aeroplane — «Aeroplane» Sencillo de Red Hot Chili Peppers del álbum One Hot Minute Formato CD Single Grabación 1995 Género(s) Funk rock Duración …   Wikipedia Español

  • aeroplane — aer *o*plane aeroplane a [ e]r*o*plane , n. [a[ e]ro + plane.] (A[ e]ronautics) 1. A light rigid plane used in a[ e]rial navigation to oppose sudden upward or downward movement in the air, as in gliding machines; specif., such a plane slightly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aeroplane — Single par Red Hot Chili Peppers extrait de l’album One Hot Minute Sortie 1996 Durée 4:45 Genre Funk rock Rock alternatif Format …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aeroplane — (n.) 1866, from Fr. aéroplane (1855), from Gk. aero air (see AIR (Cf. air) (n.1)) + stem of Fr. planer to soar, from L. planus level, flat (see PLANE (Cf. plane) (n.1)). Originally in reference to s …   Etymology dictionary

  • aeroplane — [er′ə plān΄] n. [Fr aéroplane < aéro , AERO + base of planer, to soar: see PLANE4] Brit. var. of AIRPLANE …   English World dictionary

  • Aëroplane — Aëroplāne (frz.), s. Flugtechnik …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • aeroplane — UK US /ˈeərəpleɪn/ noun [C] UK ► a PLANE(Cf. ↑plane) …   Financial and business terms

  • aeroplane — ► NOUN chiefly Brit. ▪ a powered flying vehicle with fixed wings and a weight greater than that of the air it displaces. ORIGIN from French aéro air + Greek planos wandering …   English terms dictionary

  • aeroplane — n. also: airplane 1) to board; take an aeroplane 2) to bring down, land; ditch; fly, pilot; hijack; navigate an aeroplane (a pilot flies an aeroplane) 3) to bring down, shoot down an aeroplane (our fire brought down an enemy aeroplane) 4) a jet;… …   Combinatory dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”