Culture medium

Culture medium
Culture Cul"ture (k?l"t?r; 135), n. [F. culture, L. cultura, fr. colere to till, cultivate; of uncertain origin. Cf. {Colony}.] 1. The act or practice of cultivating, or of preparing the earth for seed and raising crops by tillage; as, the culture of the soil. [1913 Webster]

2. The act of, or any labor or means employed for, training, disciplining, or refining the moral and intellectual nature of man; as, the culture of the mind. [1913 Webster]

If vain our toil We ought to blame the culture, not the soil. --Pepe. [1913 Webster]

3. The state of being cultivated; result of cultivation; physical improvement; enlightenment and discipline acquired by mental and moral training; civilization; refinement in manners and taste. [1913 Webster]

What the Greeks expressed by their paidei`a, the Romans by their humanitas, we less happily try to express by the more artificial word culture. --J. C. Shairp. [1913 Webster]

The list of all the items of the general life of a people represents that whole which we call its culture. --Tylor. [1913 Webster]

4. (Biol.) (a) The cultivation of bacteria or other organisms (such as fungi or eukaryotic cells from mulitcellular organisms) in artificial media or under artificial conditions. (b) The collection of organisms resulting from such a cultivation.

Note: The growth of cells obtained from multicellular animals or plants in artificial media is called {tissue culture}. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]

Note: The word is used adjectively with the above senses in many phrases, such as: culture medium, any one of the various mixtures of gelatin, meat extracts, etc., in which organisms cultivated; culture flask, culture oven, culture tube, gelatin culture, plate culture, etc. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

5. (Cartography) Those details of a map, collectively, which do not represent natural features of the area delineated, as names and the symbols for towns, roads, houses, bridges, meridians, and parallels. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Culture fluid}, {Culture medium} a fluid in which microscopic organisms are made to develop, either for purposes of study or as a means of modifying their virulence. If the fluid is gelled by, for example, the use of agar, it then is called, depending on the vessel in which the gelled medium is contained, a plate, a slant, or a stab. [1913 Webster +PJC]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • culture medium — Medium Me di*um, n.; pl. L. {Media}, {E}. {Mediums}. [L. medium the middle, fr. medius middle. See {Mid}, and cf. {Medius}.] 1. That which lies in the middle, or between other things; intervening body or quantity. Hence, specifically: (a) Middle… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • culture medium — n. a nutrient substance sterilized and prepared for the controlled growth of microorganisms or cells …   English World dictionary

  • culture medium — noun (bacteriology) a nutrient substance (solid or liquid) that is used to cultivate micro organisms • Syn: ↑medium • Topics: ↑bacteriology • Hypernyms: ↑food, ↑nutrient …   Useful english dictionary

  • culture medium — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms culture medium : singular culture medium plural culture mediums or culture media biology a substance containing nutrients used for growing bacteria or other cells in a laboratory …   English dictionary

  • culture medium — cul·ture me·di·um (kulґchər meґde əm) any substance or preparation used for the cultivation of living cells. Abbreviations used in this table are: a. = agar, b. = broth, ba. = base, c. = culture medium, m. = medium …   Medical dictionary

  • culture medium — Bacteriol. medium (def. 9). [1880 85] * * * …   Universalium

  • culture medium — noun A liquid or gel, containing nutrients, that is used to cultivate microorganisms. Syn: growth medium …   Wiktionary

  • culture medium — cul′ture me dium n. mcr medium 9) • Etymology: 1880–85 …   From formal English to slang

  • culture medium — see under C …   Medical dictionary

  • culture medium — Any nutrient system for the cultivation of cells, bacteria or other organisms; usually a complex mixture of organic and inorganic nutrients …   Glossary of Biotechnology

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