Hard case

Hard case
Hard Hard (h[aum]rd), a. [Compar. {Harder} (-[~e]r); superl. {Hardest}.] [OE. hard, heard, AS. heard; akin to OS. & D. hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. har[eth]r, Dan. haard, Sw. h[*a]rd, Goth. hardus, Gr. kraty`s strong, ka`rtos, kra`tos, strength, and also to E. -ard, as in coward, drunkard, -crat, -cracy in autocrat, democracy; cf. Skr. kratu strength, k[.r] to do, make. Cf. {Hardy}.] 1. Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to material bodies, and opposed to {soft}; as, hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple. [1913 Webster]

2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended, decided, or resolved; as a hard problem. [1913 Webster]

The hard causes they brought unto Moses. --Ex. xviii. 26. [1913 Webster]

In which are some things hard to be understood. --2 Peter iii. 16. [1913 Webster]

3. Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious; fatiguing; arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to cure. [1913 Webster]

4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful. [1913 Webster]

The stag was too hard for the horse. --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster]

A power which will be always too hard for them. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive; distressing; unjust; grasping; as, a hard lot; hard times; hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms. [1913 Webster]

I never could drive a hard bargain. --Burke. [1913 Webster]

6. Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding; obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character. [1913 Webster]

7. Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid; ungraceful; repelling; as, a hard style. [1913 Webster]

Figures harder than even the marble itself. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider. [1913 Webster]

9. (Pron.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated, sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the organs from one position to another; -- said of certain consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished from the same letters in center, general, etc. [1913 Webster]

10. Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a hard tone. [1913 Webster]

11. (Painting) (a) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures; formal; lacking grace of composition. (b) Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the coloring or light and shade. [1913 Webster]

{Hard cancer}, {Hard case}, etc. See under {Cancer}, {Case}, etc.

{Hard clam}, or {Hard-shelled clam} (Zo["o]l.), the quahog.

{Hard coal}, anthracite, as distinguished from {bituminous coal} ({soft coal}).

{Hard and fast}. (Naut.) See under {Fast}.

{Hard finish} (Arch.), a smooth finishing coat of hard fine plaster applied to the surface of rough plastering.

{Hard lines}, hardship; difficult conditions.

{Hard money}, coin or specie, as distinguished from paper money.

{Hard oyster} (Zo["o]l.), the northern native oyster. [Local, U. S.]

{Hard pan}, the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil; hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See {Pan}.

{Hard rubber}. See under {Rubber}.

{Hard solder}. See under {Solder}.

{Hard water}, water, which contains lime or some mineral substance rendering it unfit for washing. See {Hardness}, 3.

{Hard wood}, wood of a solid or hard texture; as walnut, oak, ash, box, and the like, in distinction from pine, poplar, hemlock, etc.

{In hard condition}, in excellent condition for racing; having firm muscles; -- said of race horses.

Syn: Solid; arduous; powerful; trying; unyielding; stubborn; stern; flinty; unfeeling; harsh; difficult; severe; obdurate; rigid. See {Solid}, and {Arduous}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • hard case — n. A legal case in which the judicial decision accommodates the extreme hardship faced by one party by deviating from strict legal principles. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell …   Law dictionary

  • hard case — hard ,case noun count INFORMAL someone who is strong and good at fighting …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • hard case — n. 1. a rough or tough person 2. one who is firmly established in bad habits 3. a person in an unfortunate condition …   English World dictionary

  • hard-case — /hahrd kays /, adj. rough and hard bitten: hard case juvenile delinquents. [1915 20] * * * hard case «HAHRD KAYS», adjective. Informal. tough; hard boiled: »a hard case marine sergeant, hard case dialogue …   Useful english dictionary

  • hard case — 1. n. a case of liquor. □ Pete wanted a hard case delivered to his house. □ There’s a lot of beer and a hard case in the van. 2. n. a person who is a real problem. □ Jed has turned into a hard case. He’s fighting us at every turn …   Dictionary of American slang and colloquial expressions

  • hard case — a rough, hard bitten person. [1830 40, Amer.] * * * hard case noun (slang) A person difficult to deal with or reform • • • Main Entry: ↑hard * * * hard case UK US noun [countable] [singular hard case …   Useful english dictionary

  • hard case — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms hard case : singular hard case plural hard cases informal someone who is strong and good at fighting …   English dictionary

  • hard-case — /hahrd kays /, adj. rough and hard bitten: hard case juvenile delinquents. [1915 20] * * * …   Universalium

  • hard case — noun a) A tough person. Because he is in the police force, Andy is a hard case. b) An amusing, funny, witty, or possibly strange person. May be used as a term of endearment. Syn: tough case, difficult …   Wiktionary

  • hard case — /had ˈkeɪs / (say hahd kays) noun Colloquial 1. a tough, cynical person. 2. a witty, consistently amusing person; hard doer. 3. an incorrigible criminal. 4. a person suffering from drug addiction, especially to alcohol. {originally US (1830s),… …  

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