Telegraph Tel"e*graph, n. [Gr. ? far, far off (cf. Lith. toli) + -graph: cf. F. t['e]l['e]graphe. See {Graphic}.] An apparatus, or a process, for communicating intelligence rapidly between distant points, especially by means of preconcerted visible or audible signals representing words or ideas, or by means of words and signs, transmitted by electrical action. [1913 Webster]

Note: The instruments used are classed as indicator, type-printing, symbol-printing, or chemical-printing telegraphs, according as the intelligence is given by the movements of a pointer or indicator, as in Cooke & Wheatstone's (the form commonly used in England), or by impressing, on a fillet of paper, letters from types, as in House's and Hughe's, or dots and marks from a sharp point moved by a magnet, as in Morse's, or symbols produced by electro-chemical action, as in Bain's. In the offices in the United States the recording instrument is now little used, the receiving operator reading by ear the combinations of long and short intervals of sound produced by the armature of an electro-magnet as it is put in motion by the opening and breaking of the circuit, which motion, in registering instruments, traces upon a ribbon of paper the lines and dots used to represent the letters of the alphabet. See Illustration in Appendix. [1913 Webster]

{Acoustic telegraph}. See under {Acoustic}.

{Dial telegraph}, a telegraph in which letters of the alphabet and numbers or other symbols are placed upon the border of a circular dial plate at each station, the apparatus being so arranged that the needle or index of the dial at the receiving station accurately copies the movements of that at the sending station.

{Electric telegraph}, or {Electro-magnetic telegraph}, a telegraph in which an operator at one station causes words or signs to be made at another by means of a current of electricity, generated by a battery and transmitted over an intervening wire.

{Facsimile telegraph}. See under {Facsimile}.

{Indicator telegraph}. See under {Indicator}.

{Pan-telegraph}, an electric telegraph by means of which a drawing or writing, as an autographic message, may be exactly reproduced at a distant station.

{Printing telegraph}, an electric telegraph which automatically prints the message as it is received at a distant station, in letters, not signs.

{Signal telegraph}, a telegraph in which preconcerted signals, made by a machine, or otherwise, at one station, are seen or heard and interpreted at another; a semaphore.

{Submarine telegraph cable}, a telegraph cable laid under water to connect stations separated by a body of water.

{Telegraph cable}, a telegraphic cable consisting of several conducting wires, inclosed by an insulating and protecting material, so as to bring the wires into compact compass for use on poles, or to form a strong cable impervious to water, to be laid under ground, as in a town or city, or under water, as in the ocean. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Telegraph [1] — Telegraph (Fernschreiber), Vorrichtung zur Nachrichtenbeförderung, welche den an einem Orte zum sinnlichen Ausdruck gebrachten Gedanken an einem entfernten Orte wahrnehmbar wieder erzeugt, ohne daß der Transport eines Gegenstandes mit der… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Telegraph [2] — Telegraph. A. Drahttelegraphie. Die Entwicklung der Drahttelegraphie in den letzten Jahren geht dahin, die Leistungsfähigkeit der Apparate und die Ausnutzung der Leitungen zu steigern. Der alte Morseschreiber wird in Deutschland[763] nach und… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Telegraph [3] — Telegraph. Der Krieg hat einen erheblichen Einfluß auf die Entwicklung des telegraphischen Nachrichtenwesens ausgeübt. Die gesamte in Frage kommende Industrie mußte in erster Linie für Heereszwecke arbeiten; erschwert wurde ihr das dadurch, daß… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Telegraph — (Fernschreiber) (telegraph; télégraphe; telegrafo). Man versteht darunter eine Vorrichtung, mit der die an einem Ort zum Ausdruck gebrachten Gedanken an einem andern Ort sofort in für das Auge oder das Ohr verständlichen Zeichen wahrnehmbar… …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • Telegraph — (griech., »Fernschreiber«; hierzu die Tafeln »Telegraphenapparate I u. II« und die »Karte des Welttelegraphennetzes« bei S. 386), jede zur Nachrichtenbeförderung dienende Vorrichtung, durch die der an einem Orte (Senderort) zum sinnlichen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Telegraph — (vom Griechischen τῆλε, in die Ferne, u. γράφειν, schreiben), eine Vorrichtung od. Maschine zur schnellen Fortpflanzung von Nachrichten in größere Fernen. Das Bedürfniß Nachrichten in größere Fernen, als es durch die menschliche Sprache geschehen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Telegraph — Sm erw. obs. (18. Jh.) Neoklassische Bildung. Entlehnt aus frz. télegraph, das eine neoklassische Bildung aus gr. tẽle und graph ist. Zuerst angewandt auf das 1792 von Chappe entwickelte mechanisch optische Gerät zur Nachrichtenübermittlung, dann …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • telegraph — ► NOUN ▪ a system or device for transmitting messages from a distance along a wire, especially one creating signals by making and breaking an electrical connection. ► VERB 1) send a message to by telegraph. 2) send (a message) by telegraph. 3)… …   English terms dictionary

  • Telegraph — Tel e*graph, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Telegraphed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Telegraphing}.] [F. t[ e]l[ e]graphier.] To convey or announce by telegraph. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • telegraph — UK US /ˈtelɪgrɑːf/ noun [U] ► COMMUNICATIONS in the past, the method of sending or receiving messages by electrical or radio signals telegraph verb [I or T] ► »They had telegraphed to say that they had arrived …   Financial and business terms

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