Elastic limit

Elastic limit
Elastic E*las"tic ([-e]*l[a^]s"t[i^]k), a. [Formed fr. Gr. 'elay`nein to drive; prob. akin to L. alacer lively, brisk, and E. alacrity: cf. F. ['e]lastique.] 1. Springing back; having a power or inherent property of returning to the form from which a substance is bent, drawn, pressed, or twisted; springy; having the power of rebounding; as, a bow is elastic; the air is elastic; India rubber is elastic. [1913 Webster]

Capable of being drawn out by force like a piece of elastic gum, and by its own elasticity returning, when the force is removed, to its former position. --Paley. [1913 Webster]

2. Able to return quickly to a former state or condition, after being depressed or overtaxed; having power to recover easily from shocks and trials; as, elastic spirits; an elastic constitution. [1913 Webster]

{Elastic bitumen}. (Min.) See {Elaterite}.

{Elastic curve}. (a) (Geom.) The curve made by a thin elastic rod fixed horizontally at one end and loaded at the other. (b) (Mech.) The figure assumed by the longitudinal axis of an originally straight bar under any system of bending forces. --Rankine.

{Elastic fluids}, those which have the property of expanding in all directions on the removal of external pressure, as the air, steam, and other gases and vapors.

{Elastic limit} (Mech.), the limit of distortion, by bending, stretching, etc., that a body can undergo and yet return to its original form when relieved from stress; also, the unit force or stress required to produce this distortion. Within the elastic limit the distortion is directly proportional to the stress producing it.

{Elastic tissue} (Anat.), a variety of connective tissue consisting of a network of slender and very elastic fibers which are but slightly affected by acids or alkalies.

{Gum elastic}, caoutchouc. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elastic limit — Limit Lim it (l[i^]m [i^]t), n. [From L. limes, limitis: cf. F. limite; or from E. limit, v. See {Limit}, v. t.] 1. That which terminates, circumscribes, restrains, or confines; the bound, border, or edge; the utmost extent; as, the limit of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elastic limit — Elastic limit. См. Предел упругости. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • elastic limit — Physics. the greatest stress that can be applied to an elastic body without causing permanent deformation. Also called limit of proportionality, proportional limit. [1860 65] * * * ▪ mechanics       maximum stress or force per unit area within a… …   Universalium

  • elastic limit — tamprumo riba statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. elastic limit; limit of elasticity vok. Elastizitätsgrenze, f rus. предел упругости, m pranc. élasticité limite, f; limite d’élasticité, f; limite élastique, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • elastic limit — noun 1. : the greatest stress that an elastic solid can sustain without undergoing permanent deformation 2. : the greatest stress for which the strain of an elastic body is proportional to the stress …   Useful english dictionary

  • elastic limit — noun Date: 1898 the greatest stress that an elastic solid can sustain without undergoing permanent deformation …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • elastic limit — the extent to which elastic material may be deformed without impairing its ability to return to original dimensions. Cf. proportional l …   Medical dictionary

  • elastic limit —    The point on a stress/strain curve at which transition from elastic to inelastic behavior takes place …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • elastic limit — the point beyond which the deformations of a structure or material are no longer purely elastic or, in other words, the greatest stress which a material is capable of sustaining without any permanent strain remaining after complete release of the …   Mechanics glossary

  • elastic limit — The maximum stress that can be applied to a body and the strain will still completely disappear when the stress is removed. Beyond this limit, the body is deformed and does not return to its original shape when the stress is removed …   Aviation dictionary

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