Gamboge Gam*boge", n. A concrete juice, or gum resin, produced by several species of trees in Siam, Ceylon, and Malabar. It is brought in masses, or cylindrical rolls, from Cambodia, or Cambogia, -- whence its name. The best kind is of a dense, compact texture, and of a beatiful reddish yellow. Taken internally, it is a strong and harsh cathartic and emetic. [Written also {camboge}.] [1913 Webster]

Note: There are several kinds of gamboge, but all are derived from species of {Garcinia}, a genus of trees of the order {Guttifer[ae]}. The best Siam gamboge is thought to come from {Garcinia Hanburii}. Ceylon gamboge is from {G. Morella}. {G. pictoria}, of Western India, yields gamboge, and also a kind of oil called gamboge butter.

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Gamboge — (pronounced /ɡæmˈboʊʒ/ gam bozh, /ɡæmˈboʊdʒ/ gam bohj or /ɡæmˈbuːʒ/ gam boozh)[1] is a partially transparent dark mustard yellow pigment.[Note 1] Gamboge is most often extracted by tapping resin from various species of evergreen trees of the… …   Wikipedia

  • gamboge — [gam′bōj′, gam′bo͞oj′, gambo͞ozh′] n. [ModL gambogium, after CAMBODIA, where first obtained] a gum resin obtained from a tropical Asian tree (Garcinia hanburyi) of the Saint John s wort family, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic …   English World dictionary

  • Gamboge — Gummigutta (auch Gamboge, Gummigutt, Gutti, lat. gummiresina guttae, trivial Kaisergelb) bezeichnet ein Gummiharz und den daraus gewonnenen dunkelsenfgelben Pflanzenfarbstoff. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Gewinnung 3 Eigenschaften 4 Verwendung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gamboge — gambogian, adj. /gam bohj , boohzh /, n. 1. Also, cambogia. a gum resin from various Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, esp. G. hanburyi, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic. 2. yellow or yellow orange. [1625 35; < NL gambog (s. of… …   Universalium

  • gamboge — dažinė garcinija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Kliuzijinių šeimos dažinis, kaučiukinis, vaistinis augalas (Garcinia hanburyi), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Garcinia hanburyi angl. gamboge; Siam gamboge vok. Gummi gutti… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • gamboge — 1. noun a) A tree found in Cambodia. b) Resin of the gamboge tree. Syn: cambogia 2. adjective Of a deep yellow colour …   Wiktionary

  • gamboge — gumigutas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Garcinia genties medžių sutirštėjusios sultys. atitikmenys: angl. gamboge rus. гуммигут …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • gamboge tree — noun low spreading tree of Indonesia yielding an orange to brown gum resin (gamboge) used as a pigment when powdered • Syn: ↑Garcinia hanburyi, ↑Garcinia cambogia, ↑Garcinia gummi gutta • Hypernyms: ↑angiospermous tree, ↑flowering tree …   Useful english dictionary

  • gamboge yellow — noun see gamboge 2 …   Useful english dictionary

  • gamboge — noun Etymology: New Latin gambogium, alteration of cambugium, from or akin to Portuguese Camboja Cambodia Date: 1712 1. an orange to brown gum resin from southeast Asian trees (genus Garcinia) of the Saint John s wort family that is used as a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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