Crane Crane (kr[=a]n), n. [AS. cran; akin to D. & LG. craan, G. kranich, krahn (this in sense 2), Gr. ge`ranos, L. grus, W. & Armor. garan, OSlav. zerav[i^], Lith. gerve, Icel. trani, Sw. trana, Dan. trane. [root]24. Cf. {Geranium}.] 1. (Zo["o]l.) A wading bird of the genus {Grus}, and allied genera, of various species, having a long, straight bill, and long legs and neck. [1913 Webster]

Note: The common European crane is {Grus cinerea}. The sand-hill crane ({Grus Mexicana}) and the whooping crane ({Grus Americana}) are large American species. The Balearic or crowned crane is {Balearica pavonina}. The name is sometimes erroneously applied to the herons and cormorants. [1913 Webster]

2. Any arm which swings about a vertical axis at one end, used for supporting a suspended weight. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

3. A machine for raising and lowering heavy weights, and, while holding them suspended, transporting them through a limited lateral distance. In one form it consists of a projecting arm or jib of timber or iron, a rotating post or base, and the necessary tackle, windlass, etc.; -- so called from a fancied similarity between its arm and the neck of a crane See Illust. of {Derrick}. [1913 Webster]

4. An iron arm with horizontal motion, attached to the side or back of a fireplace, for supporting kettles, etc., over a fire. [1913 Webster]

5. A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask. [1913 Webster]

6. (Naut.) A forked post or projecting bracket to support spars, etc., -- generally used in pairs. See {Crotch}, 2. [1913 Webster]

7. (Zo["o]l.) The American blue heron ({Ardea herodias}). [Local, U. S.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Crane fly} (Zo["o]l.), a dipterous insect with long legs, of the genus {Tipula}.

{Derrick crane}. See {Derrick}.

{Gigantic crane}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Adjutant}, n., 3.

{Traveling crane}, {Traveler crane}, {Traversing crane} (Mach.), a crane mounted on wheels; esp., an overhead crane consisting of a crab or other hoisting apparatus traveling on rails or beams fixed overhead, as in a machine shop or foundry.

{Water crane}, a kind of hydrant with a long swinging spout, for filling locomotive tenders, water carts, etc., with water. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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