Scrofula Scrof"u*la, n. [L. scrofulae, fr. scrofa a breeding sow, because swine were supposed to be subject to such a complaint, or by a fanciful comparison of the glandular swellings to little pigs; perhaps akin to Gr. ? an old sow: cf. F. scrofules. Cf. {Scroyle}.] (Med.) A constitutional disease, generally hereditary, especially manifested by chronic enlargement and cheesy degeneration of the lymphatic glands, particularly those of the neck, and marked by a tendency to the development of chronic intractable inflammations of the skin, mucous membrane, bones, joints, and other parts, and by a diminution in the power of resistance to disease or injury and the capacity for recovery. Scrofula is now generally held to be tuberculous in character, and may develop into general or local tuberculosis (consumption). [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • scrofulă — SCRÓFULĂ, scrofule, s.f. Ganglion limfatic din regiunea cervicală, inghinală sau axilară atins de scrofuloză. ♦ (La pl.) Scrofuloză. – Din fr. scrofule, lat. scrofulae. Trimis de RACAI, 07.12.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  SCRÓFULĂ s. (med.) 1. (la pl.)… …   Dicționar Român

  • scrofula — c.1400, scrophulas (pl.) from L.L. scrofulæ (pl.) swelling of the glands of the neck, lit. little pigs, from L. scrofa breeding sow. The connection may be because the glands associated with the disease resemble the body of a sow, or because pigs… …   Etymology dictionary

  • scrofula — v. scrofola …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • scrofula — ► NOUN chiefly historical ▪ a disease with glandular swellings, probably a form of tuberculosis. DERIVATIVES scrofulous adjective. ORIGIN from Latin scrofa breeding sow (said to be subject to the disease) …   English terms dictionary

  • scrofula — [skräf′yə lə] n. [ML < L scrofulae, pl., swellings of the neck glands < dim. of scrofa, a sow: prob. from the swollen condition of the glands] tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands, esp. of the neck, characterized by the enlargement of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Scrofula — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = King Henry IV of France touching a number of sufferers of scrofula who are gathered about him in a circle. André de Laurens, 1609 DiseasesDB = 31259 ICD10 = ICD10|A|18|4|a|15 ICD9 = ICD9|017.2 ICDO = OMIM …   Wikipedia

  • scrofula — noun Etymology: New Latin, back formation from Late Latin scrofulae, plural, swellings of the lymph nodes of the neck, from plural of scrofula, diminutive of Latin scrofa breeding sow Date: 1791 tuberculosis of lymph nodes especially in the neck …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • scrofula — /skrof yeuh leuh/, n. Pathol. primary tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands, esp. those of the neck. [1350 1400; ME (pl.) < LL scrofulae (L scrof(a) sow + ulae (pl.) ULE), from the belief that breeding sows were susceptible] * * * ▪ disease… …   Universalium

  • scrofula — noun A form of tuberculosis, most common in children, spread by unpasteurized milk from affected cattle. it is manifested by chronic enlargement and cheesy degeneration of the lymph glands, particularly those of the neck, and marked by the… …   Wiktionary

  • scrofula — Historic term for cervical tuberculous lymphadenitis. [L. scrofulae (pl. only), a glandular swelling, s., fr. scrofa, a breeding sow] * * * scrof·u·la skrȯf yə lə, skräf n tuberculosis of lymph nodes esp. in the neck …   Medical dictionary

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